Each stage gives ample time for the therapist and client to create a nurturing and therapeutic environment. The goals and activities of each stage vary with each client. In the preparation stage, the client is made to get comfortable with the space around him as well as his body. He/she is asked to move with his/her eyes closed. This stage is critical for forming a therapeutic and trusting alliance between the therapist and the client.
Even if these feelings and thoughts appears in the therapy sessions, they are also patterns of thinking and feeling in real life settings. Being able to work on these feelings and thoughts and the mutual relationship between the therapist and the patient allows the personal change to occur. The change occurs not just in therapy room but also the gained insights help patient to apply this change to relationships in his/her
The mnemonic SOLER is used to remind healthcare professionals that how to that Reducing proximity, maintaining eye contact and using open postures can show they are listening and concentration on what is being said, and making the speaker feel more comfortable (KRASEZWSKI & McEWEN 2010). Active listening often involves using paraphrasing, summarising verbally what a patient has said to ensure a mutual understanding of the messages send by the patient to the healthcare professional (WALKER 1990). However paraphrasing too often can suggest the healthcare professional finds the words the interviewee uses unacceptable, causing frustration (MOSS 2012). In an evaluation of my strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats I highlighted my understanding and use of paraphrasing and active listening as strengths and facial expressions, gestures and touch as weaknesses (Appendix 1). I created an action plan to develop my understanding and use of touch in practice (Appendix
(O 'Keeffe et al. 2015). A patient can become annoyed if they have to repeat information, if the notes are incorrect or if they feel they aren’t being listened to. Undoubtably patients apprciate when the therapist understands what they have undergone and when they aren’t treated like a minor irritation. Physiotherapists see empathy as a fundamental component of the patient-therapist relationship.
The contrast of these two psychotherapies lies mostly in the techniques being conducted. The interpretative therapy, which is also known as insight therapy is conducted by trained professional and represents the therapy based on interpretation of clients subconscious motives, defense mechanisms and transference reactions. The process of interpretative therapy may be prolonged. While, on the other hand, supportive therapy is conducted by by a therapist aiming to, by any practical means help the patient with their emotional distress. It includes counseling, advising attentive listening.
Solution Focused therapy just like its name focuses on the solution rather than the problem. It is based on a non-pathology model that lays emphasis on strengths rather than the weakness of the client and their resources. In solution focused therapy, the therapist and the client works collaboratively in reaching a goal and resolving problems. Solution focused therapy is a goal-directed, collaborative approach to psytherapeutic change that is conducted through direct observation of client’s responses to a series of well constructed questions. In doing solution focused therapy, the therapist focuses on the present and the future and does not dwell in the past.
Duffy and Chenail (2008) stated when using a research approach in counseling, the counselor needs to make sure they understand the value and the purpose of the research study. The research needs to be appropriate to the client needs. Therefore, the counselor should be aware of the role and the responsibilities when using research for their client that they might not be any biases or cultural sensitive towards the client, if the counselor does not feel comfortable using the research the counselor can also reference “The Code of Ethics of the American Counseling Association”. Sherpis and Daniels (2017) specified when a counselor is conducting a research study or using a research they should consider the dignity and welfare of the client. The counselor needs to make sure to respect clients at all times.
I have always viewed counseling as giving advice. I realized counseling is so much more, it is listening and helping the client discover their own truth. A person wants to be heard and understood. Change in a client is produced through genuine empathy and support. A client needs affirmation and to feel empowered.
I have realized that group therapy brings people together and each individual has the opportunity to share, work on common goals, where members have the opportunity to talk about how they feel in relation to each other. Each individual gets the encouragement to talk about their sorrows and any problems they may be having in their daily lives. Also another beneficial things about group therapy is that each group is specifically tailored to the individual’s needs. Where no one is judging or criticizing one another, but rather helping each other and lifting one another. Group therapy helps the individual realize they are not alone.
The counselor should be empathetic, see things from the patient’s viewpoint as well, and not be sympathetic i.e. feeling sorry for the client. There are three main approaches used by professional counselors who specialize in psychodynamic, humanistic and behavior counseling. Psychodynamic Approach to Counseling. This is based on the premise that true knowledge of people and their problems is possible through an understanding particular of areas of the human mind.