Counselling Theory In Counseling

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Counselors can talk about counseling as change or growth. Or they can talk about counseling as a on going process or product. The process can be used to enhance the lives of people who are seeking to change their relationships, to develop self-understanding, to learn how to anticipate and meet life’s challenges or offers a way to gain a new perspective on one’s behavior, emotions and relationships .If counselors go very deeply into an examination of these alternatives, it also becomes apparent that they are beginning to talk about philosophical, cultural, and spiritual issues as well as psychological or interpersonal concerns. How counselors view these issues and concerns will determine what they practice in counseling. Certainly, counselors…show more content…
His view for human nature could be explained in terms of a conscious mind a preconscious mind and an unconscious mind and the personality consist of three parts: the id, ego and the superego. Freud 's psychoanalytic theory has been applicable to vocational choice in that to counselling, it has increased the very understanding of human behaviour, and that there is a way man 's choice of career can be altered if he is not going the right direction.
The psychoanalytic theory is a promising tool for personnel 's in counselling professions to use in comprehending the problems and feelings of their
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Furthermore Albert Bandura “ Social Learning Theory the social learning theory of emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Bandura (1977) states: "Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action. Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, an environmental influences. Some of the important process and variables that Bandura use to understand personality is the Observational Learning that he believe that this is a key aspect of how we learn. Through this process we form ideas about the behavior of others and then possibly adopt this behavior ourselves. Also on a Personal Control social cognitive theorists emphasize that we can regulate and control our own behavior, despite our changing environment (Bandura, 2006: Mischel

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