A critical approach will be adopted as well as relevant examples to the therapeutic context will also be given. Jung’s Analytical Approach to the Therapeutic Relationship Jung’s approach digressed from Freudian deterministic psychology, with an emphasis on the development of the human psyche and its potential throughout the lifespan. In opposition to Freud, Jung advocated an open, engaging and empathic relationship between both client and therapist (Hill & Mullen, 1992). Jung (1933) proposed that the ultimate aim of therapy is a joint transformation, which mutually takes place between client and therapist. At this stage, the relationship becomes critical, whereby the therapist acts as a medium through which change is possible through his influence on his patients.
The main theorist behind the psychodynamic approach is Sigmund Freud. ‘Psychodynamic theorists look for the causes of behaviour in a dynamic interplay of motivational forces that often conflict with one another. They also suggest that many of these motivational determinants of behaviour are unconscious’ (Holt N., Bremner A., Sutherland E. et al. 2015 p.628). Psychodynamics and psychoanalysis looks at the ways in which the unconscious mind influences our behaviour.
Critics dispute many aspects of psychoanalysis including whether or not it is indeed a science; the value of the data upon which Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, based his theories; and the method and effectiveness of psychoanalytic treatment. There has been much criticism as well as praise regarding psychoanalysis over the years, but a hard look at both the positive and negative feedback of critics of psychoanalysis shows, in my opinion, that psychoanalysis is indeed a "great idea" in personality that should not be
Behaviorists believe that anything to do with cognition is outside the study of psychology and they define psychology as the study of observable behavior whereas Freud placed much emphasis on mental life. Freud divided the mind into three parts the conscious, the preconscious and the unconscious. He believed that the unconscious mind contained desires, inaccessible memories and impulses that are responsible for human behavior. Skinner embraced psychology as a science by using experiments and observations to prove his theories. The Skinner box was one of Skinner’s most famous experiments and it fulfilled the goals of psychology, which are to describe, explain, predict and control behavior.
(Freud, 1949) Help is provided to the clients to enable them strengthen their EGO and protect it from being in any conflict between their ID and SUPEREGO. This theory is used to rectify the client’s character and their system of personality if found to have issues. The theory aims at making the unconscious, conscious by releasing the repressed emotions and experiences. Psychoanalytic theory also aims at helping clients work through their developmental stages not previously resolved well to solve the problem of fixation. Basic Assumptions of Psychoanalytic Theory The first basic assumption of Psychoanalytic theory is that all mental processes are not spontaneous but are caused by the unconscious or pre-existing mental complexes.
The Psychoanalysis therapy is a clinical method by psychological means for treating psychopathology, problems of an emotional nature, which was founded by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), based on the characteristic of human behaviors. Freudian psychoanalysis is predicated on the assumption that everyone has a conscious and an unconscious mind. Our unconscious mind is where we keep feelings and memories too painful to be address consciously, which causes us to develop psychological defenses to prevent these unconscious feelings from spilling over into the conscious mind. Psychoanalysis therapy forces patients to delve into these unconscious feelings through investigating the interaction of the elements in the conscious and unconscious of the mind,
Next, I will assess Sigmund Freud’s impact on today 's Discipline of Psychology as well as some criticism of him as a person and his work. Finally, the essay concludes with my own opinion on the topic. 2. Sigmund Freud’s Life and Work The information in this section is mostly taken from the book “A history of modern psychology” by Duane P. Schultz and Sydney Ellen Schultz
Introduction: Through studies of various Models of Counselling, therapists are able to gain knowledge on how to determine client growth and where and when certain therapies are applicable. Through investigation of theoretical aspects of talking therapies Feltham has explained how therapists are able to not only treat a patient according to known counselling models but are also able to explore avenues that that have not previously been explored. This summary will provide an abridged view of the chapter: Models of Counselling by Feltham. Psychoanalysis and its variants: ● Sigmund Freud, who is considered to be the father of the talking cure and Psychoanalysis, incursions with neurosis treatment, exploration of catharsis and hypnosis,
Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality Introduction: Personality refers to the unique thoughts & behavior of each individual. Theories of personality includes behavioral, trait, humanistic and psychoanalytic theory. The psychoanalytic theory assumes that personality develops on account of the unconscious and the libido (psychic energy). Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality reflects his opinions about the structure of personality. Theories developed by Adler and Jung are related to Freud’s theory.
Freud’s psychoanalytic theory “rested on three bases”, the unconscious, the libido theory, and resistance as the basis of therapy.” (Fine. 35) In his study of the human psyche, Freud divided the human consciousness into three layers, the conscious, the unconscious and the preconscious and