Counterfactuals And Straussian Thucydides

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Counterfactuals and Straussian Thucydides

Use of counterfactuals in history is quite a new tendency in historiography. Journal of the Philosophy of Historiography devoted whole 2016 issue to counterfactual statements, to emphasize the importance of D. K. Lewis’s counterfactual theory of causation, when applied to the philosophy of historiography

Thucydides was the first historian to introduce the use of counterfactuals in historiography. They can be (and are, indeed) considered his special technique (Flory, Rood). Some counterfactuals are given in form «X would have happen, if A had not prevented it», some counterfactuals come as a form of reflection on how events (x) might have turned out(x) differently. Although Thucydedian scholars often pay attention to the analysis of counterfactuals in History, they do it in terms of literary-textural realm.
Victoria Wohl in «Probavilities, Hypotheticals, and Counterfactuals in Ancient Greek Thought» presents a typology of the counterfactual, used by Thucydides. She distinguishes three developed counterfactual statements: rhetorical, analytical (hypothetical and causative), and inferential.

Leo Strauss, solus rex, considered Thucydides to be a person of enormous importance for him. Still, he did not write much about Thucydide’s history.
As it is widely known, Leo Strauss embraced his own way of reading great books. His method, the so-called «rediscovered esoteric reading» was meant to open way to the true meaning of ()). Also
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