INTRODUCTION Counterfeiting seems to turn into a huge global threat to industries because of its spectacular growth. This is an alarming situation that needs urgent attention in order to fight with the counterfeit industry. Counterfeiters have solitary objectives of producing and marketing counterfeit products that reduce costs and ignore the quality, the lack of purity and earn profits illegally. Counterfeit products are authentic reproduction pirated products that exist with remarkable brand value and having a good market share. Counterfeiting includes packaging, labeling, and original brands copied in such a way that seem original for consumers but not actual genuine article.
15, Art. II of the Constitution, to protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them. The state shall also provide for their protection against counterfeit drugs. In relation to counterfeit drugs describe as drug itself containing label or any part of such drug, bearing the trademark other identification mark or imprint or any likeness without the authorization of the owner, registered in the Bureau of Patent, Trademark and Technology Transfer (BPTTT) in the name of another natural or juridical person (Sec 3 (b) (1)), violation of this section is tantamount to Trademark Infringement provided in R.A. 8293. Such cases of counterfeit drugs having this kind of nature are subject to violation of the Intellectual Property Right of the
However, nothing is really free - the origin and quality are seldom comparable to an original product and may harm their health and safety. The risk for the consumer lies in realizing a little too late that looks can be decieving; If counterfeit goods are hazardous to health and safety, manufacturing standards are rarely met and this can cause allergies and accidents after consumption. The fact of the matter is that counterfeiters manage illegal organizations, and need not agonize over ethical production. Hence, the products can be made from poor or harmful materials to human health. This example of counterfeit toothpaste developed based car engine antifreeze or even fake condoms, presenting a major hazard to users because they are of lower quality and are rarely tested.
Copyright infringement is reproducing, distributing, displaying or performing a work, or to make derivative works, without permission from the copyright holder, which is typically a publisher or other business representing or assigned by the work’s creator. It is often called “piracy.” There are limitations and exceptions to copyright, allowing limited use of copyrighted works, which does not constitute infringement. An example of such doctrines are “The Fair Use and Fair Dealing
For them, piracy is just another way of upping up their visibility where recognition of their work, their name, and their face is predominant. Besides, piracy can also affect the jobs in the entertainment industry. This was admitted by Researcher Stephen Siwek who conduct a study for the Institute for Policy Innovation. He found that more than 46000 jobs in the motion picture industry were loss resulted by piracy (Loeb, 2010). In the same way,
FORGERY: Forgery is the process of forging a copy or imitation of a document, signature, currency, cheque or some work of art. It can also be explained as the process of making, adapting, or imitating objects, or documents with the intent to mislead or make large amounts of money by selling the copied item. Copies, replicas of studio, and reproductions are not considered as forgeries, though they may be later confirmed as forgeries through knowing and intentional misrepresentations. Forging currency notes or money is more often known as counterfeiting. But consumer goods can also be counterfeited if they are not produced or manufactured by the authentic producer or manufacturer given on the label and or flagged by the symbol of trade mark.
Interviews with pirates are rare, but they exist. Formerly, most common questions in interviews like this are why they are committed to practicing piracy. Confidently, “money” is the simple answer. The reason behind of this is mainly for improve and standardize their living style.The widespread of poverty and unemployment which plays into the increase in criminality, especially regarding piracy in means of economic gain.The vast majority of pirate are mostly attributing by poverty and disenfranchisement that afflicts vulnerable targets like fishermen and local traders in that situation piracy is a viable in order to meet their needs. For those among the more desperate left behind in the region, who live close to the sea and have access to boats, piracy can be an alternative source of income.
It can be seen that these factors range from being built in to who the person is, to what the people around him and the society say and feel about such purchases at the time, to the actual time of purchase variables. Thus the impact of various things on the purchase of counterfeit products has a very long consideration process and has factors ranging from what you have felt for ever, to what you are feeling now, to what you feel while making the purchase. Thus counterfeit product purchases of a consumer can be impacted at any time in his life by appealing to various different parameters at each time. Although the impact that the parameters will have on the individual will change with changing times as the society, the person, and counterfeiting itself,
Piracy leads to a fall in the sale of physical goods which consequently leads to a fall in revenue in entertainment businesses and also endangers the jobs of the creators of these (entertainment) digital products. Piracy has even raised concerns among representatives of the entertainment industry regarding the weakened enforcement of copyright protection. This they claim will have serious consequences with regard to bringing the works of new artists to the market and making them available for consumers. These have been attributed to causing losses in welfare in entertainment industries such as the music, movies and books industries. In the entertainment industry, it is not the creators or artists that impose copyrights on their products but
Background on Digital Piracy Digital piracy refers to the general use of digital resources and capabilities (in some cases, hardware and reverse engineering) to illegally copy, hijack digital protection and distribute counterfeited or modified digital commercial products like software, music, films, electronic books, online journals and among others, without the consent to the legal owner. (Higgins, 2008) The evolution of information technology can be attributed for the rise and propagation of digital piracy. (Ramayah, 2009) Software is one of the leading products distributed online. Thus, the software industry is one of the most targeted industry by piracy. (Arli, 2014) This has caused the industry to suffer declines in profitability.