Critical Thinking Vs Creative Thinking Analysis

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The statement claims that knowledge, or the increase of information through personal experience or academic education is generated by both thinking critically and creatively in two AOK’s. Critical thinking requires rationality, utilisation of prior knowledge to stimulate objective thought, Creative thinking requires imagination to discover new and original ideas, which stimulates our curiosity. Both of these ways of thinking are prevalent in the natural sciences and arts. One expectation of this statement is that knowledge of natural sciences wholly stems from critical thinking and knowledge of arts wholly from creative thinking. However, our minds require both more critical and creative thinking in order to generate new knowledge. This allows…show more content…
In order to begin an experiment, scientists must question the limits of existing knowledge. This allows scientists to unlock creative thinking by form new research questions and hypotheses to challenge existing theories, such as William Harvey’s falsification of Galen’s theory. Galen believed that there were two distinct blood systems whilst Harvey had a different view, believing that there was a central blood system from the heart to other organs. Because Harvey also studied art in university, he drew more diagrams based off his observations then Galen, who relied on religion and philosophy for knowledge. Harvey’s recreation of the various blood vessels and heart on paper helped him invent a different image of the heart then Galen. As someone who had experience in art, Harvey’s creative thinking helped disprove Galen’s view as it allowed humans to look at the human body differently and influenced fields in biology. Similarly in other sciences, creativity and curiosity in science allows scientists to generate new knowledge through inventions and falsifications by questioning prior knowledge. Often this creativity is brought through a different interpretation of prior knowledge. Creativity and imagination has led to new experiments in physics and chemistry as well, such as Volta’s ability to use prior knowledge of physics and chemistry to…show more content…
Before an artist seeks to create or invent art, they must have a prior understanding of the concepts and limits of pre-existing knowledge in order to execute and generate new knowledge. Before creating The Four Seasons, Vivaldi would need a prior understanding of majors, minors, scales, articulation and dynamics in order to trigger the specific emotions and thoughts needed for creative thinking. Vivaldi would also need to know how to play the violin as well. Without the pre-existing knowledge of music theory and capability, Vivaldi would not be able to compose music due to his lack of understanding of prior knowledge. Musicians therefore require classical training of theory but also improvisational or creative thinking to create new tempos and music. Before writing Angels & Demons, Dan Brown would have to create a structured plot and plan ahead common themes in the novel. Critical thinking helps allow artists to use prior knowledge and analyze its boundaries and restructure it to generate new knowledge. This is similar to many other arts, where critical thinking is required to provide foundation to knowledge being generated and creative thinking through ingenuity is needed to generate new knowledge which shows the interdependence of these two ways of thinking in the arts to generate
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