For example, Merton’s (1968, cited in Holman, 2017) theory of structural strain suggests that criminal behaviour occurs when there is limited opportunity for advancement in structures such as employment. This theory suggests that people would turn to other means, such as drug dealing, to gain advancement; one of Sanjay’s offences involved an armed robbery which would support this theory, alongside his admittance of handling stolen goods in order to get by. Conversely, there is limited research to support this theory and it has been argued that this theory estimates more lower class criminality than there actually is. Furthermore, research shows that Sanjay’s class may have had an influence on his legal outcomes, with some arguing that lower classes are over-represented in prisons (Holman, 2017). Although those of a lower-class do commit a proportion of crimes, questions have been raised over the inequalities between lower-class and middle-class crimes, considering why the crimes of the privileged are much less criminalised than those less privileged.
Sociological theories suggest that a lack of equal opportunities, neighborhood disarray, and the social environment is the leading cause for crime causation (Hall, n.d.). The sociological theory has a larger impact on the poor and disproportioned. According to the sociological theory crime is due to the environment an individual is subjected too. This is especially true in communities where the crime rate is high. In communities that are inundated with gangs, violence, drugs and murder, juveniles are more likely associate with gangs and violence if it is always visible within their community.
As far as crime is concerned, it is defined by the law. Deviance is unexpected behaviour, but not exactly considered criminal. Many consider crime as a social problem – a problem as defined by society, such as homelessness, drug abuse, etc. Others would say crime is a sociological problem – something defined as a problem by sociologists and should be dealt with accordingly by sociologists. This essay attempts to discover the boundaries between these two and ultimately come to an appropriate conclusion.
The principle in law that one is innocent until proven guilty has created much discourse. There are those who feel that the moment that one is arrested, there is reasonable belief that they committed the crime. However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty. In fact, this argument is supported by the many cases of malicious prosecutions and mistaken identities.
The relations from the problem-oriented policing model requires police departments to analyze the crime problems of the community. The final analyze leads the effective methods into the crime problems then the final aspect is to evaluate the outcome of their efforts. Community relations provides a strong resource in the problem-oriented policing application. Resources from the application then provide police officers methods to change the underlying reasons why high crime areas become recurring crime situations. It requires both the community as well as the police departments to form a strong relationship to evaluate the past crime methods than considering the best course of action to create different methods to combat crime in the community, (“Problem-Oriented Policing,”
If a criminals was on the run and they were of a specific ethnicity then it would help the police to use racial profiling on all people of that ethnicity. Using racial profiling to track down criminals is very helpful because it narrows down the search for criminals and it would take less time. " … police regard profiling as part of their work…" (Chan). By using racial profiling to track down criminals it would improve the system that the police use for tracking down
Crime rates can provide insight as to what deviance, or lack thereof, is occurring in a society. Crime rates in North America have been steadily declining after the year 1990. The study of the declining crime rate is integral to criminology because it represents the progress made by people in their effort to reduce crime and make a safer society for everyone. It also symbolizes the changing values and morals that society holds. Although the motivations behind the change in crime rate are complicated and several, this paper will be analyzing a few of these reasons.
Firstly, social disorganization theory can be used to explain why poor communities experience high levels of crime rates. These theorists argue that the key to maintaining social order in a neighbourhood is to have effective social control institutions,
Ethnic minority status (that is, experience as non- White) has been included as a risk factor of psychosocial maladaptation in several studies (e.g., Gutman et al. 2003; Sameroff et al. 1993; Dallaire et al. 2008), and represents a relative social disadvantage placed on these individuals. Though the relation between delinquency and race is complex and may be explained by other contextual risk variables (Holmes et al. 2009), the total arrest rate for black juveniles aged 10–17 is more than twice that as of white juveniles (National Center for Juvenile Justice 2008)(p. 1474
Introduction You asked that I examine the investigative tool, criminal behavioral analysis, its racial misuse and controversial issues and whether it still has the ability to solve critical crimes using the method. Criminal profiling has always been a means of solving or assisting a crime and trying to prevent it from happening again. It helps narrow down the investigation down by pointing out certain behavioral characteristics of the kind of person who most likely committed the crime. The issue that I was presented with was racial misuse done by law enforcement and it’s impact on African Americans, Muslims, and other minorities. Criminal profiling is an effective tool for law enforcement but has been used in a harsh and inconsiderate way
Maria Paula Villarreal Valencia Psychology of Criminal Behavior Final Paper 5/13/2016 Flashpoint follows the chronicles the efforts of the Strategic Response Unit (SRU) Team One, an elite and highly skilled group of cops charged with rescuing hostages, defusing bombs and breaking up gangs. The series title comes from another part of their job, getting inside a suspect 's head and discovering his emotional "flashpoint" that triggered the crisis in the first place. In season five, episode five, Team One responds to the abduction of Peggi Walsh, a young nurse taken by a man at knifepoint.
While some believe that the system is racist and unfair, others argue that the high rates of incarceration of these ethnic groups reflect their crime rates and not