This theory supports the situational crime prevention theory that crime is a choice and can be deterred through the removal of suitable targets or guardianship. Guardianship can be a security guard, a fence, a password or any other person or item that makes a target unsuitable due to increased chances of being caught or the offense too difficult. Routine activity theory is one of the more popular and accepted theories of
This research paper will discuss why there is no value to the just deserts approach and why, if supplemented with a re-entry program, just deserts will have a greater significance. The theory and practice of the just deserts approach will be examined as well as why it does not appear to be working for offenders. Additionally, re-entry programs will be analyzed; those operating in Canada and in the United States, to further explain why reintegrating is better for the community and offenders. It is easy to agree with the just deserts approach to crime, however, when a loved one is affected by the harsh punishments and the negative consequences of prison, it makes life afterward extremely
Keep in mind, these are just the crimes that got them convicted. It’s hard to believe that if we want zero tolerance, all non-violent offenders should serve time in prison, as well as complete community services. All drug offenders should be held accountable for the crimes committed. Secondly, it sets a harmfully negative example for kids when the drug offender get off easy and are not punished. We open the door to potentially violent drug crimes due to people who are high on drugs who use poor judgement, and could easily hurt someone or possibly injure or harm themselves.
Deterrence philosophy reason for sentencing is defined as a philosophy that crime can be prevented through the threat of punishment. Incapacitation philosophy is defined as a philosophy that crime can be prevented by detaining wrongdoers in prison thereby separating them from the community and reducing criminal opportunities. Finally rehabilitation philosophy is defined as the philosophy that society is best served when offenders are provided the resources to get rid of criminal activity from their daily behavior patterns. Retribution just holds the severity of the crime against the guilty and is aimed at pleasing the society as whole party rather than just the victim/s. Deterrence uses other criminals as examples for the community to be discouraged from crime.
It will act as a deterrent to anyone who posses the idea to pose a threat to the society. In other words, it discourages delinquency posed by youngsters, and keeps dangerous types of criminals such as serial killers or murderers away from other residents. In conclusion, vocational training and education should be put into consideration as a replacement for imprisoned punishment in tomorrow’s
Right now our justice system is taking down criminals by using criminal ways ourselves. This is not right. To take down crime and end crime for once and all we need to find peace in ourselves and bring peace to others.
Restorative justice is not focused on inflicting punishment like retributive justice models, but may still act as a deterrent (notes). Restorative justice creates an incentive for offenders to not reoffend, as they will have a greater community support system and the incentive to not let down community members once they have regained trust. Though some community members will likely object to the lack of punishment, restorative justice serves the community by providing a far most cost effective justice system (Karmen,
When taking into consideration of prison sentences or punishment in general, sentencing committees have the moral duty to consider the criminal’s desires, motives, free will, and moral responsibility. In addition, they should look into whether their decisions are incompliance with consequentialist or retributive jurisdiction and if they are compatible with utilitarianism and if it truly maximizes utility in order to benefit the society. Thus, upon their views, this leaves the discretion of the group to either the maximum and minimum limits there should be to the conviction and the need to place emphasis on justification and punishment when considering offenses. In order to determine a person’s sentencing, there is reason to look into how
In creating a balanced system, different types of criminals need to be sentenced to a specific program that fits both the personality of the offender and the crime they committed. “Poorly implemented programs, delivered by untrained personnel, where offenders spend only a minimal amount of time in the program, can hardly be expected to successfully reduce recidivism.” (Mackenzie, p.26) The prisons of the 21st century need to be very different from the unsuccessful prison systems and beliefs of the 20th century. The biggest change in correctional beliefs needs to be that prisons should only house violent criminals. Non-violent criminals are more of a threat to themselves than to society and can be punished using community-based corrections. It is necessary to keep non-violent criminals separate from violent criminals, as to keep non-violent criminals from escalating to the commission of violent crimes once they are released from prison.
In addition, this strong evidence should lead to greater formal charges in adult courts rather than juvenile courts. Adult courts offer better protection to the society and moreover, juvenile serious offenders are held accountable and responsible for their actions. Additionally, they argue that, if serious juvenile offenders with criminal history are sentenced there is the likelihood they will be a social