The other necessary use of crime data is the allocation of funds and justice assistance. The formulation of policies requires the identification of issues, measuring how important the issues are, given their impact and magnitude and finally developing strategies to address them. On the other hand, implementing the policy means deciding on the whether it is appropriate, encouraging the masses to adopt it, and finding the resources needed to further it. In view of that, crime data plays a huge role in allocation of funds and justifying policies especially in the criminal justice system. However, it is important to note that crime statistics are not the only determining factors when it comes to which policies are put in place mainly because of
Sutherland (1939) coined the term Differential Association. He believed that criminal behaviour was learnt through social interactions. Sutherland articulated a set of nine propositions related to the causes of crime. Differential Association Theory embodies an interactionalists approach to the understanding of crime that speaks to criminogenic subcultures within a society; the question is however, does this make it relevant to the Caribbean. According to the Caribbean Human Development Report 2012, with the exception of Barbados and Suriname, homicide rates have increased substantially since the year 2000 across the Caribbean.
The first section provides a discussion on crime rate and how it affect the rate of tourist arrival. The second part singles out the sources of information that tourist rely on when assessing the potential dangers of travelling to popular vacation destination. The final section find out how aware are tourist concerning the actual danger at various tourist destinations. Does crime rate affect tourist arrival? Crime and violence has spiraled at a steady and seemingly unrelenting pace in Jamaica since the country gained political independence from Britain in 1962 (Chevannes, 2000, Harriott, 2002, Headley, 1996, 2002, King, 1997, Levy, 1996).
Numerous studies have explored the history, linkages, and consequences of organized crime in Jamaica (Harriot, 2001; Mogensen, McKenzie, Wilson and Noble, 2005; Caribbean Research Policy Institute, 2007; Smith and Green, 2007; UNODC and World Bank, 2007; Wilks, Morris, Walker, Pedercini, and Qu, 2007; Robinson, 2008; Leslie, 2010; McDavid, Cowell, & McDonald, 2011; Levy, 2012; Arias, 2013). In order to study the phenomena of organized crime and gang violence, one must first seek to define both terms. Siegel’s (2010) definition of organized crime is extensive, describing the
Darius Klinkner JUS-104 February 4, 2018 Kathleen Kahn Defining and Measuring Crime Introduction It is important to know how social and political changes affect the way that crime is defined, the various tools used to quantify criminal statistics and the difficulties in defining and measuring crime in the United States. Public perception influences the way that crime is defined and the Uniform Crime Report and self-reported surveys are a few ways that crime is quantified in the United States. Social and Political Changes Affect Definition of Crime It can be very difficult to define crime in the American society when political agendas are being pushed and the public perception of not only what actions are considered to be crimes but also how
Research Problem: Research indicates that significant numbers of young adults today are becoming prostitutes. Ignoring this problem may lead to; the spreading of sexually transmitted disease will increase, an increase in the level of depression in today’s society, and moreover an increase in crime rate. It can be said that most prostitutes are from the inner-city communities consequently to the fact that they experience poor standards of living, crime & violence, as well as high unemployment rate, in their environment. This quantitative research will be used to determine the causes and impact of prostitution in the Jamaican Communities among young adults. Research Purpose: the purpose of this study is to conduct a quantitative research on prostitution among young adults ages 18-25.
Introduction Tourism continues to be the driving force in the Caribbean economies. In recent years tourism has become the singles most important source of revenue for the region, generating in 1998 us$14.8 billion for some 35 million people (Travel Industry World Yearbook 1998-99). Tourist perception is the ideas of a tourist prior to actual visit. The impact of tourist perception, destination image, satisfaction and loyalty is very important to determine the destination image while taking decisions for strategic marketing of tourism destinations. Because it is assumed that it will result in a positive image of a destination, loyalty to tourist destinations and satisfaction felt by tourists, such as variables the loyalty is a concept closely related to tourists’ satisfaction and as a result even with the ideas there is a high degree of satisfaction with loyal tourists.