One reason why minors should not be treated the same as adults when committing crimes is that the consequences given to minors in adult court would have a negative impact on their life. One example is because prison may be an unsafe place for minors to rehabilitate in a way that they would be able to do
Even though at times people that are not criminals may express these different thinking errors, yet is most often seen in criminals. Each of these different errors, express what a criminal does, whether it is because they are in their own personal bubble, or whether they feel like they are entitled to
Subjective stains are connected to emotional response when a person dislikes something or someone that acts as a strain, while objectives strains are described as a group of people that dislike something such as children in a divorce. In examining juvenile delinquency and its connection to general strain theory (GTS), there are three groups of stressors or strains that is believed to increase criminal activity(Peck). The first group is not being able to achieve goals, the second groups is positive stimuli removed, and the third groups is negative stimuli being present. Among juveniles it is believed strains such as child abuse or rejection, divorce, low or negative environment, poor schooling, discrimination etc., may cause more crime than others(Peck). Understanding a more define connection between general strain theory and juvenile delinquency is the breakdown among racial factors and strains that may affect one group more than the other.
There are also questions on how a juvenile should have consequences for the crimes they are committing, for instance should a juvenile be punished for their crime or should they be rehabilitated for it? Also is there evidence of research put into either method. There are three major traits that a juvenile can have, social, biological and psychological. The social trait has to do with things such as the juveniles social media or their peers that they decide to hang out with. For example, if a kid is hanging around with another child that is fighting in school, then they are more likely to begin fighting in school.
There is a widespread belief that violent behavior among the youth of today has reached a historically unprecedented high. The children in this photograph are being deviant and acting in a criminal manner. This essay will describe how differential association theory, social learning theory and strain theory relate to the children in this photograph and how their behaviors can be explained by criminological theories. The differential association theory says criminality has learned in interaction with others in a process of communication.
To evaluate reform, let us first evaluate the different trends and themes that were used to provide justice among juveniles; along with their policies and procedures. Understanding some of the policies and ideas will help pave the runway for understanding why reform was and still is necessary in juvenile justice. Different means of punishment can be discussed and evaluated; juvenile boot camps, group homes, and juvenile detention centers. All of these have one main thing in common, out-of-home placement. The problem with home removal is that the family’s and/or environment are not able to utilize the resources for rehabilitation and sometimes the environment is the explanation from crime; but that can be discussed further on.
Both theories focus on the impact a child’s upbringing has on their development in terms of criminal behavior. Moreover, the early stages of life dictate the outcome of one’s particular behavior. The adolescent-limited theory proposes two paths an individual takes that lead to their criminal behavior, life course persisters and adolescent-limited. The life course persisters face a dual threat that can influence deviant behavior. The combination of neuropsychological disorders and the lack of a good family structure can cause their antisocial behavior that extends into one 's adulthood.
To put it simply, crime is constructed by the use of social laws and the decisions of those with power to make some of these social laws and the decisions of those with power to make some of these social laws into criminal laws. Crime can be seen as a social construction as what is legal or illegal in one society or culture may not be in another, the same can be said of deviance. Crime is repeatedly viewed as a ‘physical fact’ by the government or media. However it can be argued that when one thinks of acts which are criminal in one place yet are not in another that crime is a social construction. To refer back to the point of these with power deciphering which acts are criminal, it can also be argued that those with power (e.g. government) define these acts as criminal, whether socially deviant or not, to suit their own purpose and to control certain parts of society.
During adolescence, teenagers are trying to figure out who they are and where they belong in society. The patient may have got involved with a group of friends that experimented with drugs and this could have resulted in her to think, "if everyone else is doing it then it must not be too bad. " This is a prime example of an individuals actions’ that are influenced by social pressures and environmental cues. This is demonstrated through sociocultural perspective to help understand abnormal
Someone who is suffering from Conduct Disorder (CD) is considered to be a DSM. This particular diagnosis is usually allocated to individuals under the age of 18 years old. This person would consistently violate the rights of others, and will not confirm their behavior to the law or social norms appropriate for their age. Conduct Disorder may be described as juvenile delinquency; behavior patterns that can bring a juvenile into contact with the justice system (De Sanctis, Nomura, Newcorn, & Halperinb, 2012).
These attributes can be something that a person has no control over, such as their race or socio-economic background. Criminalization is not often based on laws, but instead revolves around customs that others have been understood as good or bad, which can later lead to laws. This idea consists of the reinterpretation of everyday actions or ideas and vilifying them (Merry 14 -15). In the cases of children there exists the idea that a child who commits a violent and heinous crime will only become more violent and will continue to commit crimes. Therefore, once a despicable act has been committed by a child he or she becomes labeled as a violent criminal.
One way to discipline delinquents or to remove them from society is to incarcerate them. Being surrounded by inmates whom you cannot relate to, not only on a mental level, but on a level of criminal activity is not the ideal setting for a juvenile to be placed in. When this occurs, youth then have to find ways to protect themselves. Which can result to further deviant behavior. "Studies have shown that continuing delinquent youth in correctional facilites will return to the same adverse environment".
Juvenile detention centers are purposeful ways to assist delinquent juveniles to become law abiding proactive members of society while promoting the safety of society and themselves. Yet, the way most institutions, in particular Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (CCJTDC) treat juveniles in their center has violated their essential right to be treated as humans, cast them as oppressive beings, and does not adequately facilitate their re-transition into society. While I agree that there should be a degree of penalty for breaking laws, there is a clear line between punishment that is just and that which is unjust. Punishment for the sake of realigning an individual’s behavior to comply with social order is just, however punishment
If the police department has evidence that point directly to the juvenile or that the juvenile has something to do with it discretion is also thrown out the window. Complaints also are important as they come directly from the public and at times this does not really help the discretion process. Extralegal factors contribute to age, sex, ethnicity and race. Age also determine the outcome of the interaction. Walking down the street you notice that a child under 10 or 11 love to be around police officer.