Policing policies including broken windows and zero-tolerance policy have different limitations on what can be stopped. The broken windows theory gave police a wide discretion when stopping citizens. During the time when broken windows was implemented, citizens were able to get away with low-level crimes. Once zero-tolerance began, the officers became more strict in stopping citizens which would make them feel targeted for the wrong reasons, like the color of their skin. The zero-tolerance policy was implemented to update the police’s discretion of what to stop and to keep crime down.
Crime reduction is quite similar to crime prevention, for crime reduction to occur we need to prevent it at first. Crime prevention strategies are usually implemented by criminal justice agencies, individuals, businesses and non-governmental agencies in order to maintain order and enforce the law. Crime prevention strategies not only deter crime but also reduce the risk of increasing victimization in the society.Crime prevention has many objectives but the most main objective is to reduce and deter crime. Many criminal justice agencies have developed strategies through public policy in order to prevent crime. Various models have been adopted by countries in order to combat crime.
Advantages 1. Provides Security of personal information by the Admin and User login, thus our project is more secure. 2. Our system will help the law enforcing agencies to reduce the crime rate by identifying the crime percent of a particular city. 3.
However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty. In fact, this argument is supported by the many cases of malicious prosecutions and mistaken identities. The differences The due process model is pegged on the belief that it would be better if a criminal found innocent goes free rather than have one innocent person in jail. On the other hand, the crime control model argues that it is better to have a innocent person detained, questioned, tried and found innocent then let free than have a society full of criminals roaming
In a nutshell, the crime control model is designed for crime prevention and protection of a community take precedent whereas the due process model is designed for the preservation of an individual's personal freedoms. Personally, I feel as if the crime prevention tactics used to police and protect these communities unfairly target certain groups of people depending on the demographic. In an urban environment that targeted group may be black people versus in a more rural community it may be those who are simply less fortunate and seem to have a higher inclination for crime due to
PREVENTIVE THEORY Preventive philosophy of punishment is based on the preposition ‘not to avenge crime but to prevent crime’. It presupposes that need of punishment of crime arises simply out of social necessities. In punishing a criminal the community protects itself against anti- social act which endanger social order in general or person or property of its members. The real object of the penal law therefore, is to make the threat generally known rather than putting it occasionally into execution. It suggests that prisonisation is the best mode of crime prevention as it seeks to eliminate offenders from society thus disabling them for repeating crime.
At best, citizens do not really know their local law enforcement officers. Fortunately, law enforcement agencies can do something to change the public's perception of them while fighting crime through community partnerships.” (Holley,Fazalare
As stated in its name, police must collaborate with the community and use other resources apart from polices’ to prevent and solve crime. According to the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Community Oriented Policing (2011), they defined community policing as a philosophy which supports the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, to address the immediate situation which affects the public safety issues like crime, social disorder, and fear of crime. As the community policing is difficult to evaluate, some specific strategies had been used to represent community policing in evaluations. The first strategy would be “neighbourhood watch” where the residents and community members themselves increase their watch and monitoring over their own neighborhoods. There are also other strategies involved which is to increase the flow of information from the community to the police through meetings, officers having conversations and tightening their bond with the community, storefront beat offices as well as providing crime information to public through Internet, letters, social media, crime maps and also “reverse 911”phone calls so that they are able to protect themselves (Sherman et al., 1997).
A law enforcement officer function at a crime scene is crucial for the realization of the investigation, when it comes to determining an effective apprehension as well as a successful conviction. So a law enforcement officer at times may ask for the cooperation of individuals, to move from one location to another, as to extend a cordon or create a new perimeter. Despite this, without your cooperation in assisting the law enforcement officers with whatever pertinent information you may have, the investigation is frozen, as investigators may have little to nothing, in order to bring about the desired result for the case. I humbly ask you all to work with us in achieving a better community as we seek justice and restitution for the victims, and a timely arrest and conviction for the