Analyzing an Extended Essay: On Date Rape We live in a society that is filled with dangerous crimes such as rape and date rape, where one cannot simply trust another. Date rape is a little different from rape in terms that the rapist is someone the victim knows or had some kind of romantic connection between them. Date rape happens most commonly to young girls and in colleges. In “On Date Rape”, Paglia argues that women should be responsible for their actions and its consequences in a case of a date rape. However, the author fails to present a valid argument as she includes fallacies such as double standard, appeal to fear, and false analogy.
In The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in The Era of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander, she begins by points out the underlying problem in our Criminal Justice system. The problem being prioritizing the control of those in this racial caste rather than focusing on reasonable punishment and efforts to deter crime. Alexander begins by speaking of her experience as a civil rights lawyer and what soon became her priority after seeing a poster that mentioned how the war on drugs is the new jim crow when it comes to the application and outcome of it. As Alexander points out the correlation between the war on drugs and it being the new jim crow, she discusses the mass incarceration that is prevalent in our society and the number of African American
Radical feminism regards male dominance as the cause of gender identity (White, Haines and Asquith, 2012). While cultural feminism places an emphasis on the need for a history of women’s’ victimisation and offending, the feminist perspective has made significant contributions informing critical criminology (White, Haines and Asquith, 2012). It challenged traditional definitions of crime, it was critical of criminal justice practice and present crime (White, Haines and Asquith, 2012). It raised questions about the authenticity of recorded statistics, in particular, police statistics and moved the criminological thinking discussion (White, Haines and Asquith, 2012). The feminist perspective has raised awareness of issues of family violence and male violence
For example, crimes committed by women, such as shoplifting, are less likely to be reported. The same applies to property crime and prostitution which usually goes unnoticed or unrecorded as compared to more violent crimes committed by males. When females’ crimes are reported, there’s a smaller chance they will be tried than males. Another argument is known as the “chivalry thesis”, this argues that since most court officials are men who are socialised from a young age they tend to act in a chivalrous way towards females. Otto Pollak (1950) claims that men feel protective towards women.
Annotated Bibliography Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press. Alexander opens up on the history of the criminal justice system, disciplinary crime policy and race in the U.S. detailing the ways in which crime policy and mass incarceration have worked together to continue the reduction and defeat of black Americans. Her central thesis is that mass incarceration is “The New Jim Crow,” or the new system of control used by the government to uphold racial class in the U.S.
Many advocates cite that racial profiling is a tool for capturing criminals more effectively. Often alongside these claims is information that suggests minorities are more likely to commit these crimes that they are being profiled for. While these concepts are troublesome in their very nature, they are quite often false. In her article, Northeastern Law Professor Deborah Ramirez asserts that “In all published studies to date, minorities are no more likely to be in possession of contraband than whites.” (Ramirez). She continues, stating that in many studies, certain minorities, such as Latinos, are less likely than whites to be carrying contraband (Ramirez).
What is the role of women and crime? A majority of criminology theories do not heavily place women’s stance of crime and, as the emphasis of lawbreaking is focused mainly on men, Feminist theory of crime on the other hand attempts to justify crime and the part of women in society. In the book Criminology Goes to the Movies: Crime Theory and Popular Culture by Nicole Rafter explains crime using multiple alternatives of feminist theory to explain how women in society consider crime based on the societal role of women. in the movie Thelma and Louise, it portrays the struggle of women, as the men in their world overwhelming show their power keeping both the main characters Thelma and Louise under control exhibiting dominance over them. The conflict
The main reasons for exonerations are pardons, new evidence, acquittals, and posthumous knowledge that a person was innocent ( ). The National Registry of Exonerations defines exonerations as “any case in which a wrongfully convicted person is later officially cleared based on evidence” ( ). Some data from the NRE that compares the exonerations of males and females include the fact that “women were disproportionately represented in the ‘no crime’ category” with 65% for women versus 21% for men ( ). Another analysis of the data shows that “women’s exonerations were more likely to include property, drug, and other offenses” and most of the women’s convictions were crimes involving people they knew and whereas half of the male exonerees involved
There have been many studies conducted on female delinquent behaviors, and the factors that lead up to it. As it states in our textbook (Juvenile Justice in America) the most important dimensions are “females’ involvement in offenses; their use of drugs and alcohol; their participation in illegal behaviors, including prostitution and violence; their experiences across the life course; and their desistance and persistence as offenders.” When we compare females to males involved in delinquent behaviors we find that male’s crimes are often more violent, and the females are also less likely to become repeat offenders. Some studies lead you to believe that there is an increase in violence with female juvenile because the arrests rates increased
What 's more, a study in New Jersey said that, "ethnic minorities (are) searched more regularly, however just discovered medications in the autos of African Americans 13% of the time and Latinos5% of the time instead of whites 25% of the time." This likewise demonstrates medications are discovered in the auto of whites more frequently than whatever other race, despite the fact that individuals of different races are pulled over deliberately to check whether they have drugs. This disparity gave to by the police on minority ethnic gatherings with respect to pulling individuals here in America is unacceptable and along these lines police preparing should be transformed. Police are not adopting the correct strategy about this issue and it can have unsafe outcomes and "can have decimating and lethal consequences because casualties of racial profiling are now and again additionally defrauded by demonstrations of police violence and fierceness" (Racial Profiling: Seven Facts). There are stories that can turn out to be another convention set up or else more honest casualties will kick the
The defendant does not meet the standard for legal insanity in Delaware, using the American Legal Institute Test. Although, Howard the defendant, had a mental disorder Bipolar 2, it did not cause impairment at the time of the sexual assault. Mood disorders are relevant to volitional tests, but not to cognitive tests. Since Delaware is under ALI, it has to prove that both the cognitive and volitional prong was passed. Howard sexually assaulted, his ex-coworker out of his own control and sane mindset.
Butler’s strengths are that she presents a good argument and give good evidence in her article. Her weakness is her thesis and how she does not follow by her argument. Warren on the other hand does have a thesis and fulfills his purpose on his essay. Warren’s article was logical and kept the reader engaged in his article. The author gave good evidence that provided a human resource to find out the link between media coverage and “copycat” shootings.
However this is far from the truth, as Alexander explains in her book, most of the people being stopped and searched are people of color and a person of color is more likely to get stopped by police then a white person. When a police officer finds drugs on a white teenager they just call it “experimenting” but when a colored teenager gets caught with drugs they call him a criminal and may get arrested. Alexander states that majority of people arrested are not charged with serious offences like jay
Past research of varying topics often leaves hole of areas that could be looked into further. The authors of Biting Once, Twice: The Influence of Prior on Subsequent Crime Location Choice, a research article that was published in the 53rd volume of Criminology, believed that the research of the past has completely ignored repeat offending and its connection to crime location choices. In the past the studies have only looked at single crimes per offender, or viewed multiple crimes as being committed by multiple offenders. This review of their research on repeated crime location will start with the coverage of their main research questions, research methods, and their findings. An analysis will then be given of their methods used, my agreement with the
The federal government’s “War on Crime” by the Johnson administration in the 60s made way for tougher law enforcement and surveillance (Hinton, 2015). However, with this came the separation of children and adults in the criminal justice system; then the separation of juvenile delinquents from status offenders. As mentioned, status offenders are different from juvenile delinquents because they had broken rules which apply to only children. Meanwhile, juvenile delinquents are youths under the age of 18, who committed offenses that would be punishable to adults as well. By the late 1960s, there became a growing concern that juveniles involved in the court-based status-offense system, were not getting their best interests met (Shubik & Kendall, 2007).