Crime Theory: An Introduction To Criminology Theory

1800 Words8 Pages
Introduction to Criminology Theory Criminology is fundamentally the systemic studies of crime as a social event (Glick, 2005). By explaining why crime can be a social event, it can be viewed in a series of processes. The processes are how laws are making, how laws are breaking and what the reacting towards the breaking of laws. Nirmala indicated that criminology is the study to explore the causation, correction and prevention of crime (2009). It is an interdisciplinary scientific studies on various perspective of crime and criminal behavior (Walsh & Hemmens, 2008). In many countries, people have a tendency to commit crime for pursuing what they need because they think the society cannot satisfy them. This phenomenon lead the government creating and executing the laws to punish the criminals. Also, the laws may protect citizens from crimes and may prevent crimes in the society. During the eighteenth century and the nineteenth century, most of the countries began into urbanisation, crime rates increased rapidly and punishments for crimes became stern (Jeffery, 1959). Justice systems were being corrupted, citizens hoped the reformation would occur in the society. Two major school as the root of modern criminal schools developed, they are Classical School and Positivist School. This may indicated that the twentieth century criminology is an end product of Classical School and Positivist school (Jeffery, 1959). Classical School stresses human rationality and free will
Open Document