Criminal Investigative Analysis

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Criminal Investigative Analysis, also known as criminal (offender) profiling, is an investigative tool which is used within the law enforcement community to help solve violent crimes. According to Canter (2005), an investigative psychology describes a framework that integrates several range of aspects in to all contexts of criminal and civil investigation.The analysis is based on a review of evidence from the crime scene and from witnesses and victims. The analysis is done from both an investigative and a behavioural perspective. The contributions that psychologists can make to police investigations are most widely known and understood as this offender profiling. Offender profiling, as typically practised, is the process by which individuals,…show more content…
The interview is one of the primary methods used by police to obtain information from witnesses, victims and suspects of crime and plays a significant role in the majority of police investigations As most information comes from people; it is necessary to have knowledge and proficiency in interviewing. An interview is a conversation intended to elicit information. Interviews are generally non-accusatory. The witness interview may give police new information about a crime such as a description of an offender, an account of events or useful background information. An interrogation is the process by which suspects are questioned in regards to their involvement in the activity that gave rise to the investigation. The interrogation will involve the interviewer accusing the suspect. The Interrogation may be scheduled to be carried out at the end of the investigation, after all of the evidence has been considered and reviewed. There are also times when, depending on the suspect’s behavior, an interview will change into full-on interrogation. Once the tone of the conversation has moved to accusatory one, it is virtually and practically impossible to stop and go back to the previous mild-mannered interviewing. In the interrogation, the investigator will do most of the talking. The questions asked of the suspect will be more direct, explicit and less open ended. The suspect interview may allow the police to ascertain an individual’s level of involvement in an offence, implicate others or may help exonerate the suspect (Gudjonsson, 2003). After the suspect has been blamed of being involved in an illicit act, from there on, it is a question of whether the officer can distinguish the suspect’s statements and answers to be truthful or deceitful. Whether the suspect is seeking the infinite support of honesty or the momentarily pleasure of
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