In a simplified line up, the victim’s husband identified Brenton Butler as the killer who fled the crime scene. At this point in the case, it becomes clear how there is a great deal pressure by law enforcement and investigative staff to provide evidence to the jury and acquit Brenton of the charges presented against him. Many contextual factors played a role in the wrongful accusation of Brenton Bulter these include: the investigation process, the format of questioning, the evidence
These profiles fall between psychology and law enforcement, some call it “investigative psychology” while another refers to it as “crime action profiling”. The main connection, the common goal they all share; help investigators examine evidence, narrow down a suspect pool, or give helpful tips on how to interrogate a suspect already in custody. Psychology is used to investigate behavioral patterns, personality traits, and psychopathologies. Demographic variables including age, race, and geographical locations are also used in the profiles. Recently criminologists, law enforcement officials, and psychologists have all teamed together to take criminal profiling, which started out as an art and transform it into a reliable science.
Name: Title: Institution: Labeling Theory This research puts into consideration the labelling theory as an illustrative model for the hypothesis of criminal law-disregarding conduct. The study presumes that for that infringement of the criminal law that have customarily involved the community and the crime victims. There are various research journal articles backing the labelling theory based on the analytical details that have been labeled and comparative of the fundamentals of the theory. Labelling hypothesis concentrates on the authority response to crime and makes a nonsensical contention in regards to the reasons for committing a crime. The theory connects deviance to the response of the individuals.
Defendants are presumed to be guilty upon their arrest and resolving their cases is a major point in this model. Plea deals are used to alleviate the overcrowding in the criminal justice
The criminal activities theory talks about crime events (Criminal Justice, n.d.) It looks at why some people commit crimes and what are the motivations to commit the crimes. This theory suggests that the daily routine of society could cause or create the opportunity for a crime. All you need is a likely offender, a target, and the absence of a guardian to create an opportunity for a crime. Suggestions made to reduce crime from this theory try to alter the routines and limit opportunities to prevent crimes. Another theory related to criminal activity would be the social control theory.
The theory of criminal justice This theory states that criminal procedures are part and branch of philosophy that focuses on punish those who break the law. There is a strong correlation between criminal procedures and the philosophy of law as well as the morals and ethical standards of society. Criminal law theorists put more emphases on offenses that can be seen as illegal and that warrant criminalization of the activities or events. Thus, most of these theorists believe that there is the need to punish the lawbreakers to set an example to other individuals who may have intentions of following their suit or engaging in legal activities. Some of the activities classified by criminal law theorist as a crime or illegal include murder, rape and
“Correction officers supervise convicted offenders when they are in jail, in prison, or in the community on probation or parole” (National Center for Victims of Crime, 2008). When a defendant is found guilty, they are usually sentenced to time in jail, houses of correction, prisons, probation, or parole. When they are sentenced to time in prison, it is the responsibility of corrections and their officers to ensure that the defendant is treated humanely. It is also their job to make sure that the correctional facility that is holding the offender is safe and secure. In the criminal justice system, the corrections component is also responsible for the rehabilitation of the convicted individual.
Chidozie Arah Quiz 3 CJT The three main components of the criminal justice system are law enforcement, courts and corrections. The first component, law enforcement, are made up of three levels or sections: local, state, and federal law enforcement. The function of law enforcement today are to enforce laws, provide services, prevent crime, and to preserve peace in society and communities. Local law enforcement protect the lives and properties of citizens in the community, maintain order, catch those who break the law, and strive to prevent crimes, and testify at trials and hearings for crimes that happened mostly in the community. An example of a local police officer are county police.
Theories of punishment and legal procedures determine the fate of those that are sentenced in courts. There are multiple core theories of punishment used to impose a criminal sentence, these theories are as follows; Deterrence, Incapacitation, Rehabilitation and retribution. Deterrence questions weather or not fear can discourage certain crimes. General Deterrence often uses swift and severe sentencing, often using certain accused criminals as examples to discourage would-be criminals. Specific Deterrence focuses on dissuading that specific offender from committing any further crimes.
Criminal profiling, also known as offender or psychological profiling has been defined differently by different scholars. It is defined as "an educational attempt to provide investigative agencies with specific information as to the type of individual who committed the crime". (Vernon J. G.,1996) It refers to criminal investigation techniques adopted to set up the profile of the offender who is more likely to commit certain crime by gathering evidence and information from the crime scene, victims and witnesses. (Norbert E., 2007) Whereas David Canter sees it as "criminal shadow" and says that psychological traces or patterns are often left behind by criminals. Adding more, he stated that personalities of criminals can be monitored through his
The Uniform Crime Reports verses The National Incident Based Reporting System The purpose of this abstract is to critically review the primary data sources used in the criminological research. The two primary data sources discuss in this abstract will be the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS). These data sources are reporting mechanism that tracks criminal activities in the United States. This abstract will discuss the strengths, weaknesses and differences of both data sources. To articulate the nature and extent of a crime, criminologists use records that are collected, compiled, and analyzed by government agencies such as the federal government’s Bureau of Justice Statistics (criminology
If the defendant pleads guilty they are sentenced, if the defendant pleads not guilty then they go to court. Misdemeanor and violation cases are suspended from arraignment and legal matters are made and future court dates are scheduled. During court, the defendant may be found guilty and sentenced. Felony cases are presented to the grand jury. If the grand jury votes on an indictment, the defendant is then arraigned in Supreme Court (Appellate court).