“It seems more likely that the public’s distrust of the police in high-crime areas is driven more by crime than by police practices” (Sherman 10). Much of the abuse is coming from victims and criminals as being racist. As in a black officer towards white citizens or vice versa. The police brutality can something be the misconduct that occurs behind the scenes that we do not always see. It is believed “… that police are under great pressure to act quickly, especially when the murder victim is white, prominent, a child or a police officer
Courts are a major evaluative stage of the criminal justice system and we rely on these courts to determine our outcomes based on the crime that was committed. Today, there is more diversity of leadership in the court system but, race still plays a role in the outcome of the offender. This could range from petty crimes being committed like traffic infractions or facing the death penalty based on the race of the offender or victim. This paper will examine the three types of disparities that cause biased sentencing in the courts. The three types of disparities are race, social class, and gender and these all play a huge factor when making a decision based off an offender.
In chapter “Are Prisons Obsolete?” Angela Davis strictly points out factors in results of the elites methods to be in total control. African Americans are highly accounted for in incarceration as an addition to the prison industrial complex. Mental health conditions are then vulnerable in the prison community which helps the cycle. This Cycle as she describes, is a great catalyst towards business and global economics.
For example, although private prisons are only 8.4% of the nation’s prisons, they hold nearly 50% of its immigrant detainees. In addition to that, African Americans are convicted at rate more than five times greater than white Americans. Many of these convicted citizens are also impoverished, and this factor along with their race makes them valued poorly by society. This corruption is evidenced by many of these charges being drug related, despite both races using drugs at similar rates, in tandem with the fact that private prisons spend millions of dollars every year lobbying for harsher drug laws. Not only is the net effect of this unjust, it helps to create stereotypes against African Americans.
This law led to people being arrested crack being sentenced to much harsher punishments than those for cocaine. The people being for crack were predominately black and for cocaine predominately white. “Crack was largely a inner-city issue and crack was largely a suburban issue”(13th). After the war on drugs Bill Clinton became president, and pasted more to crack down harder on crime. One of them being mandatory minimums this didn’t let the judges decide the crimes.
The police arrest people who commit crimes, and if black men commit more crimes then it makes sense that more of them are arrested. It would be a little ridiculous, if officers had to bypass or ignore any black criminal they saw, just because they’d already arrested a number of black men proportionate to the population. According to data produced by the FBI, when compared, the number of black arrestees and offenders are almost identical (Rubenstein). “If police are arresting a larger proportion of blacks than the proportion of criminals victims say were black, it would be evidence of bias”, but this data shows the two figures are very similar (Rubenstein). Yes, there is a higher percentage of black people arrested and serving time in the criminal justice system, but it is because they commit more crimes, not because of a racial
Criminal legislation and incarceration have long been used as a means to control "powerless" and disadvantaged groups in America. These groups are socially and politically neglected and only receive attention when they are perceived to be a threat to the larger society and then the attention comes in the form of control and punishment (Page, 1993). The control generally manifests itself through crime legislation and the punishment through incarceration. By the end of 2005, there were more than 7 million people under some form of criminal justice supervision (Glaze & Bonczar 2006; Harrison & Beck, 2006a). With such a large and growing number of people under correctional control during a time in which crime rates had either fallen or were stabilizing raises important questions about the purpose and consequences of this institutional intervention.
African Americans are more likely to be incarcerated than any other race, even if the same crime is committed. This high rate of incarceration changes the sexual behaviors and makes African Americans engage in relations that increase the risk for HIV. Constantly being imprisoned traps blacks in communities with high prevalence of HIV, by reducing employment and increasing poverty. It also facilitates concurrent relationships among both men and women, and makes males more susceptible to sexual behaviors in prison, where the HIV risk is greatest, due to the fact the MSM blacks are the group with the most HIV diagnosis in history. The incarceration is one of many driving principles behind the HIV/AIDS conspiracy, which the government has made no actions to disprove.
isn’t the only thing people believe needs to change; the reasons for arrests have been criticized by many. America incarcerates more citizens for drug related crimes than any other place in the world. Of the roughly 200,000 in federal prison, 52% are being held for drug crimes and only 8% are for violent crimes, such as: murder, assault, and robbery (Waldman, 2013). Many believe that the “War on Drugs” must become less aggressive because of its large contribution to the prison population. The distribution of prisoners by race has also raised concern among Americans.
Hate Crime in the United States is a growing epidemic. " Hate crime" generally means a crime against persons or property motivated in whole or in part by racial, ethnic, religious, gender, sexual orientation and other prejudices. Politicians, journalists, interest groups, and some criminologists insist that the United States is experiencing an across-the-board hate crime epidemic. Race, religion, and sexual orientation are three of the leading targets of hate crimes that improved since before but need further resolutions.
To begin with, the most common inequality in modern society is the corrupted criminal justice system. Racial bias and profiling persuades judgments when sentencing minorities; especially African Americans. " African Americans make up 6.5% of the American population but 40.2% of the prison
Michele Alexander has stated that the marginalization, stigmatization, and the discrimination of people of color who constitutes to the new racial caste is not due to them being black, but rather it is the impact of falling into a “non-racialized “ criminal justice system at the epicenter of what is known is mass incarceration. The mass incarceration of the minorities and more so those involved in non-violent drug offenses and the disproportionate application of capital punishments for those killing whites and other disparities in sentencing all point to a legal system that still treat the minorities more harshly when compared to the whites. At one time, Stevenson went to prison, and he was forced to go back to his car to show that he was indeed an attorney. The correction department officers wanted to strip search him and wanted him to sign a book that he was visiting the prison. Contrastingly, attorneys are not supposed to sign the book.
Since 1930, 90 percent of individuals executed for rape have been African Americans. This issue has faced multiple controversies due to the belief of “complete confidence” of the criminal justice system (Harmon, 2004). Wrongful convictions have historically occurred due to the races of the defendant versus the race of the victim. This is an in issue because these cases impair the integrity and reliability of the court system (Harmon, 2004). Wrong convictions are not as uncommon as believed by the public.
The cradle to prison pipeline is a process in which specific newborns (as they age) will be arrested and will be sent to prison. Cradle to prison pipeline demonstrates the likelihood of the incarceration of Latinos and African Americans. The process has a minimal effect towards whites, but a significant effect towards Latinos and African Americans. Since many minorities live in poor neighborhoods, the cradle to pipeline method will more likely occur than whites living in wealthy neighborhoods. The cradle to prison pipeline is an example of regulating the poor and lower classes.
He says that black men and boys and Latino men and boys in to many places get treated differently under the law. A growing research shows that people of color are more likely to be stopped, frisked, questioned, charred and detained. African Americans are more likely to be arrested and receive more time for the same crime. That our criminal justice system is as smart, keep as safe, and not as fair as it should. The mass incarceration is making our country worse.