Ethics is applied in decision making in criminal justice for effective and just decisions. Normative ethics is crucial in decision-making in the criminal justice system and it is based on the notion that one should act morally using reason to determine the suitable way of conduct of self. Ethical relativism is part of normative ethics and it argues that what is morally right or wrong varies in a great deal from one person to another. The standards of conduct and methods of doing things differ from one society to another and there can never be a single standard of conduct for all societies; we must make ethical decisions therefore based on each situation. Relativism requires that we judge an individual who acted immorally by the standards of his culture and not our own (Cook, 1999).
Therefore, Lord Devlin based on consensual morality has focused more on the enforcement of morality according to the general concept of society. To understand the relationship between law and morality, Lord Devlin has proposed a set of rules. Firstly, the requirement of general sense of right and wrong in a society which is known as common morality as it is a right-minded value that should be maintained by the law. Secondly, there may be bad laws, bad morals or bad societies due to the reason that the law might not serve the society but destroy it even though it is a valid law and provides profit to some people in the
In Martin Luther Kings "Letter from Birmingham Jail", he expressed his respect for the Law as a whole. Although he expresses his respect, he does differentiate between the two kinds of law that are present in society; which is a just law, and an unjust law. King advocates for obeying just laws, he mentions that one has a moral obligation to obey just laws.However, he does note one also has a moral obligation to break unjust laws. The reasoning for his disobedience to unjust laws is explained using St. Augustine’s theory “An Unjust Law is no Law at all”. However, MLK does acknowledge, that when an unjust law is broken the wrongdoer does have to face the consequences which will be imprisonment.
The difference is that while utilitarian seeks to discourage wrongdoing, retributive theory seeks to punish offenders because they deserve to be punished. In this case, X committed a crime and should be duly punished but there is also a need to discourage her from committing any more crime especially by addressing the underlying causes of her committing crime. According to utilitarian theories, laws are made to bring happiness to the society. This means that crime and punishment should be kept minimum to ensure there is happiness in the society. The activities of X are criminal and caused sadness to the family of student L. Even though a crime free society does not exist, punishment must be inflicted on wrong doers in order discourage
Their tends to be more sexual abuse in a same sex couple. Gays and lesbians should not be allowed to adopt. Gays and lesbians should not be allowed to adopt because of higher child abuse rates, neglect, and sexual abuse. If the child goes to school and sees or hears about all the other children’s mom and dads they might ask why they have two moms or dads. Then the parents might beat the child or children asking them a question that offends them.
We believe that everyone is innocent until proven guilty. Once proven guilty, a person should receive punishment. This is the purpose of the justice system. The whole rule of double jeopardy defies this, not bringing justice to those who deserve it as it forbids for the accused to be tried again. It will be more beneficial to society as a whole if we abolish double jeopardy, to correct the mistakes of the justice system and essential for progression.
Experimentation or curiosity often is a cause of an unexpected pregnancy. “Many parents have busy lives that prevent them from providing the guidance and support that their young teenagers need to make good decisions on issues such as sex, according to the website Parent Dish.” (R.Y Langham). Preventing teenage pregnancies are highly encouraged, not only for the teens benefit but also for the baby’s well-being. There are many causes to teen pregnancy such as the absence of parents, peer pressure, and glamorization of pregnancy. Becoming a young adult already has its share of personal issues, but having absent parents can result in loss of knowledge or wisdom.
We all know that law is very important in the society. It is a must in order for a society to be peaceful and problem-free. Law is a man-made therefore it is in you if you will follow it or not. If you do not follow the law, it doesn’t mean you will die, so nature has nothing to do on the laws of man. The law is something that the human has created to modulate the society by introducing justice, fairness and equality that is set by courts and governments and is applied to everyone within their jurisdiction.
Most of the parents are worrying about their child getting pregnancy before they are married but they cannot absolutely control the every situation. For example, children conceal their parents from having sex with their lover or they get raped by perverts. Besides that, parents are too busy