Criminological Perspectives Of Crime And Juvenile Delinquency And Crime

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What makes some acts and some people deviant or criminal? Theorists attempted to shift the focus of criminology and answer the questions above. Shifting towards the effects of individuals in power responding to behavior in society in a negative way. These theorists became known as “labeling theorists”. The theorists argue that policies are implemented to address social conditions, and in turn, are collectively defined by society. Issues such as juvenile delinquency and crime have long been viewed as social problems. Labeling theory serves as a simple alternative, shifting view from conventional criminological theories in how it defines deviance, and how to address juvenile delinquency. Against formal social control, labeling theory suggests that crime and delinquency are reduced by hindering secondary involvement in deviance through reintegration efforts, de-labeling, and promoting pro-social identities. The theory stemming out of a sociological perspective known as “symbolic interactionism,” a school of thought based on the ideas of George Herbert Mead, W. I. Thomas, Herbert Blumer, among many others. Many others studying and testing labeling theory have come to somewhat of a similar agreement. That the strongest labeling effects derive from incarceration. Those who spent time in prison suffered the lowest levels of occupational attainment, the smallest incomes, and the most checkered work histories. (Davies & Tanner, 2003). My own opinion on the theory is positive. Though

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