Four Types Of Ecotourism

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The definition of the tourist was proposed by the International Union of Official Travel Organizations (IUOTO) in 1963 and approved in 1968 by the World Tourist Organization. This is the most widely accepted definition. It refers that international tourists are "temporary visitors staying at least twenty-four hours in the country visited and the purpose of whose journey can be classified into two headings, which are given below [8]:
(a) Leisure which includes recreation, holiday, health, study, religion and sport;
(b) Business which includes family mission, meeting.

There are four core criteria of a tourist spot namely, a form of tourism (the most common reason for travel is visiting friends and relatives. A "tourist" will also travel outside
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Coastal resorts and cruises are popular forms of mass tourism. Nature tourism can be defined as the travel to unspoiled places to experience and enjoy nature [4]. Today ecotourism is considered to be a popular option to mass tourism for inadequate natural resources. According to The International Ecotourism Society (TIES) “responsible travel to natural areas which conserves the environment and improves the welfare of local people” is known as ecotourism [10].

Miles of Golden sands overlooked by tall cliffs and flooded with foaming waves, colorful conch shells, ponderous pagodas, delicious seafood all these make Cox 's Bazar, the tourist capital of Bangladesh. The sea-side tourist township of Bangladesh boldness the world 's longest (120km) unbroken beach sloping quietly down into the blue water of the Bay of Bengal- Cox 's Bazar is one of the most gorgeous tourist spots of the country (BPC 2012) [2].

According to Quddus, M. A. (1998) the colourful city at the head of a 120 km long beach with lines of fancy shops on either sides of Cox 's Bazar main road, quiet and calm Khyangs and Pagodas, Rakhyne quarters, fish harbour of Kostura Ghat, the tourist attractions of the rising sun behind the hills and setting of it into the Bay of Bengal- the entire gives the atmosphere of a fairy land- a tourist heaven
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According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), characteristics of the nature based tourist spot can be summarized as follows: i) all nature-based forms of tourism in which the main motivation of the tourists is the surveillance and enjoyment of nature as well as the usual cultures existing in natural areas, ii) it contains instructive and understanding features, iii) it is usually, but not completely prepared for tiny groups by specialized and small, locally owned businesses, iv) it minimizes unenthusiastic impacts upon the natural and socio cultural environment, v) it supports the safety of natural areas, vi) generating economic reimbursement for host communities, organizations and authorities managing natural areas with preservation purposes, vii) increasing consciousness towards the conservation of natural and cultural assets, both among locals and tourists, viii) providing alternative employment and income opportunities for confined communities (Shamsuddoha and Nasir, 2009)

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