Critical Analysis Of Joh John Rawls Theory Of Justice

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Theory of Justice Analysis
A person’s actions and consequences of those behaviors may not only affects self but also have effects on the lives of others. Depending on the ultimate goal of a person’s activities and the type of activities, the ethics of such actions may be geared either towards addressing the actions or towards addressing the outcomes of these actions. Based on the intentions and outcomes of the ethical guidelines they provide, there are four primary classes of ethics including relativism, virtue ethics, deontology, and consequentialism (Tilley, 2005). Rawls’ Theory of Justice aims at overcoming the shortcomings of virtue, consequence, duty, and relativism brought about by other ethical approaches by eliminating various factors that influence decision-making.
Theory of Justice
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For decisions on the distribution of resources to be made, Rawls first assumed decision-makers to be in an original position in which they had self-ignorance of their position in society that results from their decision. This way, people could never tailor their decisions and actions to favor themselves since they do not have prior knowledge of where they would end up in the socioeconomic hierarchy. Lack of awareness of one’s position would result in making decisions fair to everyone. Since economic and social advantages would be distributed without the intention of putting anyone at a disadvantage (Cehan, OPREA, Gavrilovici, & Manea, 2013). Although, agreements made by people in the original position are both historical and hypothetical, the Theory of Justice can act as a guide in a society that pursues equality, whereby inequality is only acceptable if it is to the benefit of the

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