The behavioralists ought to incorporate in the field of political science research methods, techniques and tools in order to procure accurate and precise data to obtain relative facts. More so, they disregard the philosophical identity of political science that led to its deviation from describing and defining the political in terms of values and judgments. Furthermore, Gunnell (1986) attributed Stephen Toulmin’s argument that philosophers are of no relevance in the study of politics for they are incapable of dictating the principles to which scientists ought to conform in their theorizing. However, the world is governed by the political and it is impossible for political science to be value free. Strauss (2011), it is impossible to define the political without reference to its
This statement brings to light an important constant in the study of political anthropology: the manner in which the design of the political structure of colonial rule was instrumental in the molding of the social imagination of the colonizer and the ruled or colonized. Colonialism has left behind an indelible print of the face of the world, thus ensuring that social vocabulary and political institutions will be marred (overtly or subtly) by it. To a large extent, the outburst of political anthropology came both late and its popularity short lived; its heyday was the 1960s and its recent rediscovery came hand in hand with the resurgence of examinations of power (Vincent, 2002). Prior to this, anthropology went hand in hand as a tool of empire. This is underlined in the understanding of the political as something disparate from the cultural – “We attempt to discover some of the general principles in political manoeuvre which transcend cultures and which provide questions which could be tools of research in a variety of cultures” (Bailey, 1969).
Political philosophy tends to provide us with ‘ought to be’ propositions and according to Pareto (cite), ‘ought’ propositions ‘do not correspond to any concrete reality’. The scientific study of politics started with the shift from normative approach to an empirical approach. Positivists stated that the highest form of human knowledge is scientific knowledge (Strauss, year). And this only implies the downturn of the pre-scientific knowledge. Scholars of political thought therefore adopted the methods of the natural sciences that put political analysis in a scientific way where deductive and logical methods were replaced by inductive and precise methods (Gettel, 1914).
In addition, he was influenced by Communist party and he worked as a journalist he wrote a number of books and articles about capitalism, state, and society. Marx was one of the most intelligible and perspective critics. However, the study of political sociology refer to the interrelationship between both politics and society and somehow this relationship cannot be separated between both of them or it is hard to separate between both politics and society, because they are interrelated. As a result, of this interconnection between both politics and society there is a social relationship between both of them which lead to reform in the society and make the community a better place for living within a welfare for the people. In this way, the definition of Political sociology is apprehensive with the social basis of power in all institutional sectors of society.
At the individual level, the mechanism is that politically interested citizens are more likely to vote both because of their personal incentive and ties to politics. Furthermore, district-type effects can affect via membership, e.g. party campaign efforts can easily target those who have displayed political affiliation, increasing further affiliated citizen's likelihood to vote. So many studies show that political institutions play a significant role in explaining the differences the rate of voter turnout across countries (Franklin, 2004). Of course, institutions are not the only effect on turnout.
THE TEMPEST: POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY ON SHAKESPEARE’S LAST PLAY Political Philosophy is a wide branch of philosophy that focuses statements and arguments involving political opinion. It is all about state, politics itself, liberty, justice and the idea of authority. It tackles the meaning of government, what makes a government just, the freedom of its underman, duties of the citizens and other political stuff. This type of philosophy is being practiced since it was discovered and has two reasons. First is the method and approach the philosopher and second is the philosopher 's agenda that made him came up with the methods he used.
The concept of organizational politics started getting of academicians and practitioners in the last decade. The body of literature on organizational politics is expanding but still the research remains distorted with respect to theory and research methodologies adopted. Despite a lot of empirical data conceptual vagueness still exist. Organizational politics is proved to be fact of life (Vigoda-Gadot, 2001a). Regardless of the widespread acceptance of presence of organizational politics proved by empirical research this aspect of life at workplace remained polemic.
History and Political Science and History and Politics in Contemporary India “History is past politics and politics is present history” . The connection between history and politics is closed and complementary. Politics and political science seem to mean the same, but they are different and share a totally different relationship with history. Politics is the practice of handling power of decision-making in a community where these decisions have an effect on everyone belonging to the community whereas political science is a discipline which generally deals with systems of government and political activity of a particular community or area . This paper intends to look at the relationship between History as a discipline and Political Science
Research in social science provides several of information that influences the society in a country. Besides, research in social science will help in understands the problems and how the problem occurs in the society. Instead of advance in technology, research in social science will solve many major problems in the world especially in social problems. According to Ruttan (1982 & 1984), he claimed that research in social science is very important because it encourage the changes in
Political Philosophy is a wide branch of philosophy that focuses statements and arguments involving political opinion. It is all about state, politics itself, liberty, justice and the idea of authority. It tackles the meaning of government itself, why it is needed, what makes a government legitimate, the freedom of its underman, duties of both government and citizens and other political stuff. This type of philosophy is being practiced since it was discovered and has two reasons. First is the method and approach the philosopher and second is the philosopher's agenda that made him came up with the methods he used.