Critical Analysis Of Voltaire's Candide

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Candide is a satire, that possesses all the subtlety of a brick to the head, instead of getting his point across quietly using complex nuances, Voltaire exaggerates to the point of impossibility, and makes it clear that he finds plenty of his contemporaries ridiculous. Voltaire was an eighteenth century enlightenment writer, and he drew inspiration from other enlightenment writers and movements. Throughout the story, Voltaire makes several arguments, but sometimes he falls short of reaching and fully explicating and convincing the reader of his point. Overall, the book was an important addition to literature, but it could have been better and conveyed the same idea. Voltaire has several main ideas that are present throughout Candide. Most prevalent is Voltaire's refutation of the doctrine of pure and eternal optimism. Pangloss is Candide’s tutor, and is himself an eternal optimist. He holds onto this belief that everything will work out, and that everything that happens is necessary in the bigger scheme of the universe. Pangloss references this idea in relation to his catching of syphilis and Christopher Columbus. If Columbus had not discovered the new world, Pangloss would not have syphilis, but Europe would also lack chocolate and cochineal.¹ Pangloss upholds his optimistic ideals despite a ridiculous amount of suffering. Pangloss does not waver despite, “Even…show more content…
Voltaire uses Pangloss to
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