Second i will talk about being success at critical thinking.1.Be clear about your conclusions, 2.Have a clear lines of reasoning, 3.Use evidence to support your reasoning, 4.Evaluate your own writing through critical reading and 5.Take multiple perspectives. Third, the advantages of critical thinking. People with professional critical thinking skills are able to: *Understand the logical connection between ideas, *Identify, construct and evaluate arguments, *Detect inconsistencies and commit mistakes in reasoning, *Solve problems systematically, *Identify relevance and importance of ideas, *Reflect on the justification of one's own beliefs and values. Fourth, When we think critically? *Rationality: Rely on reason rather than emotion,require evidence, ignore no known evidence and follow evidence where it leads.
Although critical thinking skills can be used in exposing misconceptions and bad reasoning, critical thinking can also play an important role in cooperative reasoning and constructive task. Besides, critical thinking also known as "complex thinking" and "high-order thinking". The ability to think critically calls for a higher order thinking than simply the ability to recall information. Critical thinkers need to have knowledge of concepts to an application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Central of critical thinking is the ability to think "outside" a piece of writing.
Gerald Graff began his career as a teacher before becoming an author focused on critical theory. “Disliking Books at an Early Age” is one of his publications that focuses on the teaching of critical theory. Graff’s argument is that students should be introduced to theory early in academics because a pure reading experience is impossible. Every person brings their own experiences and questions to a text that influences it. Therefore, literary theory gives them a scholarly way to shape their readings and develop the level of “intellectualspeak” that colleges seem to require, which teaches them the skills needed to discuss literature and add to the scholarly conversation.
Critical thinking is not based only on knowledge but also skill, therefore critical thinking must be practiced and will be not be acquired overnight. Throughout the next three years of reading for my degree, many nights and days will be spent studying. To study, according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2015) is the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing attending school etc. When studying one has to learn to decipher meanings of key words according to the context it is used in as well as reading between the lines to figure out the context which a piece is written in. In order to succeed in university one has to keep on track with all class schedules.
The article pointed to the several researches defining critical thinking skills. If I was taught 20 years ago what I know now. I am sure I would have been more prepared with the knowledge and skills of framing my mind to the critical thinking skills. Putting the skills and knowledge and applying them to my younger life. The article describes critical thinking as many different observations of one’s worldview.
Learning things with this method doesn’t require critical thinking. Despite being pushed towards this learning process, the two students expressed their opposition to it. Each has their own thoughts of how material should be absorbed. This article is applicable to my research because it connects the relationship between critical thinking and writing by looking into how these students from another culture go about using critical thinking in their classes. Mehta, Sandhya Rao, and Rahma Al-Mahrooqi.
Based on Austin (2012), critical thinkers must have a well-defined knowledge and evidence on their thoughts and beliefs. They must also consider the kind of language they use. For example, when we discuss about ethics, some may think about the social ethics while other may think about the company ethics. Well defining our language can help us in giving more clarity (Austin,
Wright outlines a fair discussion about critical thinking intending to guide the teacher to help children to ‘think through situations where the answer is in doubt’ (2002, p.9). Throughout this chapter Wright pioneers critical thinking has a ‘practical value’ for social education, that it could help children grasp subject content in a profound and meaningful way. Examples of how to teach critical thinking are included throughout this chapter however, the lessons overlook other views of critical thinking as a process of developing skills and sub-skills. Wright (2011) generalises that critical thinking involves questioning from the higher end of the cognitive domain according to Blooms Taxonomy; ‘analyses, synthesis and evaluation’ (2002, p51).
2.2.1. A brief description of critical thinking The intellectual roots of critical thinking can be traced back to 2500 years ago to the teaching practice and vision of Socrates who introduced a method of probing questioning that people could not rationally justify their confident claims to knowledge (Paul, Elder and Bartell, 1997). According to Ennis (1987), critical thinkers are open minded and mindful of alternatives and try to be well-informed and also able to judge well the credibility of sources. Further, they are able to judge well the quality of an argument, including its reasons, assumptions, and evidence. Also, Wade (1995) maintains that critical thinkers engage in: asking questions, defining problems, examining evidence, analyzing
In 2018, good critical thinking skills are more necessary than ever before, with unimaginable amounts of information available to many of us at the press of a button. With the help of Critical Thinking by Tom Chatfield, I contemplated my own application of critical thinking skills in everyday situations and identified the skills I will need to develop for tertiary study.