Creative thinking involves students in learning to generate and apply new ideas in specific contexts, seeing existing situations in a new way, identifying alternative explanations, and seeing or making new links that generate a positive outcome. This includes combining parts to form something original, shifting and refining ideas to discover possibilities, constructing theories and objects, and acting on intuition. The personality type of a person is also one of the problems. An internal person would be more critical and therefore have fewer opportunities to add creativity to his everyday life. It is differently for an external type personality, creative thinking is easier for a person with an external type personality due to their openness to the world around and their ability to perceive and combine the information obtained from
The principles of cooperative and collaborative learning are to set learners to work together in small groups to perform tasks, with specific inputs leading to a learning situation and having a common learning goal. This quite often helps learners to launch in special discussions which help them broaden their knowledge in learning and motivate them to hear their own voices when developing their own views about various topics. Another area of learning which has become a buzz word is critical thinking, which is a collection of mental activities that include the ability to intuit, clarify, and judge. Actually critical thinking has become significant in academics due to being significant in learning. Good teachers put in practice critical thinking at every stage of the learning process of application.
(1995) conducted a study about Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking, The idea of Collaborative learning in, the gathering and blending of Students with the end goal of accomplishing a scholastic objective, has been generally inquired about and pushed all through the expert writing. The expression "Collaborative learning" refers to a guideline technique in which Students at different execution levels cooperate in little groupings toward a shared objective. The students are in charge of each other 's learning and also on their own. Along these lines, the achievement of one Student causes different Students to be
Firstly, Assessment For Learning to determine next steps and are designed for diagnostic purposes. Secondly, Assessment as learning provides opportunities to students for self evaluation and reflection on their learning. It also enables students to evaluate themselves and become self regulated learners. Assessment as learning keeps students motivated as they start thinking assessments as a tool for measuring progress toward their goals instead of focusing scores so they stay motivated till success. Thirdly, assessment of learning certifies student’s proficiency in relation to curriculum learning outcomes designed to provide evidence of
A critical thinker is able to extrapolate the consequences from what he knows, and he/she is good at making use of information to solve problems or to find relevant sources of information to inform himself. People who use critical thinking are the ones who say things such as, 'How do you know that? Is this conclusion based on evidence or gut feelings? ' and 'Are there alternative possibilities when given new pieces of information? ' Critical thinking is not being argumentative or being critical of other people.
SELF ASSESSMENT AUDIT Brown and Glasner (2003, p. 1-12) discuss the fact that assessment methods and requirements probably influence how and what students learn more than any other single factor. They state that through building up evaluative skills and self-assessing, students can become more effective learners. They further insist that: "Self assessment is inevitable when students are reviewing their own development and performance, when there is a reflective component, when critical incident accounts are used, and anywhere where progression and added value are discussed." An important, and essential, area of the self-assessment process is personal and professional skills. Opportunities to learn and develop are everywhere; so how can we tell if we are gaining knowledge, skills and abilities from what we are seeing, hearing and experiencing?
Thinking Skills is the mental processthat involve solve problems, make decisions, ask questions, construct plans, evaluate ideas, and organize information. The development of thinking skills is often listed as the most important reason for formal education because the ability to think critically is essential for success in the contemporary world where the rate at which new knowledgeis created is rapidly accelerating. Although most educators
Challenge-based learning experiences further harness the desire of many students for a sense of meaning with their education while effectively training key skills such as multidisciplinary teamwork and decision-making, advanced communication, ethics and leadership of self and others. However, almost all challenge-based learning experiences surveyed are on the periphery of the curriculum, operated as introductory or special courses or master thesis projects. According to Malmqvist, et.al 2015, bhallenge-based courses still have a way to go before they are part of the regular curriculum because the work may be demanding to accomplish within a short period. This should be mindful to guide students to set a realistic challenge for their Big Idea that
Important experience and skills can be clearly added to students through some co-curriculum activities (Reaves et al., 2010). Nowadays, the knowledge is more valuable when applied in practice and not merely to score in exams in the classroom only. The co-curriculum course can be used as a medium for students to develop their interests and talents which may be limited in the curriculum (Mohaney et al., 2003; Jamaludin et al. 2009;
PBL is significant in enhancing critical thinking, creative thinking and teamwork skills of the conventional teaching methods. Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the constructivist approaches, in which cooperation among students is the key to the success of this learning method. This cooperation will create critical thinking skills in solving a problem so that a decision can be made properly and correctly. According to Smith. S (1997), PBL is also one of the innovations and other new approaches to help overcome from the usage of traditional curriculum in most institutions of higher education.