Critical Discourse Analysis Definitions

3789 Words16 Pages
Critical discourse analysis is concerned to analyze how social and political inequalities are manifest in and reproduced through discourse. It is associated with researchers such as Norman Fairclough, Teun A. ven Dijk, and Ruth Wodak. Critical Discourse Analysis provides theories and method for the empirical study of the relation between discourse and social and cultural developments in different social domains. Critical Discourse Analysis is used as a label in two different ways: Norman Fairclough uses it both to describe the approach that he has developed and as the label for a broader movement within discourse analysis of which several approaches, including his own, are parts. Fairclough’s approach consists of a set of philosophical premises,…show more content…
There is disagreement among theorists as to whether the view that discourse is fully constitutive amounts to this form of idealism. Laclau and Mouffe, for example, argue strongly against the accusation of idealism on the grounds that the conception of discourse as constitutive does not imply that physical objects do not exist but, rather, that they acquire meaning only through discourse. Critical discourse analysis engages in concrete, linguistic textual analysis of language use in social interaction. This distinguishes it from both Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory which does not carry out systematic, empirical studies of language use, and from discursive psychology which carries out rhetorical but not linguistic studies of language…show more content…
These effects are understood as ideological effects. In contrast to discourse theorists, including Foucault and Laclau and Mouffe, critical discourse analysis does not diverge completely from the Marxist tradition on this point. Some critical discourse analytical approaches do ascribe to a Foucauldian view of power, power as a force which creates subjects and agents – that is, as a productive force – rather than as a property possessed by individuals, which they exert over others. Critical Discourse Analysis approaches diverge from Foucault. They enlist the concept of ideology to theorize the subjugation of one social group to other social groups. Critical Discourse Analysis focuses on the discursive practices which construct the representations of the world, social subjects and social relations, including power relations. The discursive practices play a major role within social groups. Fairclough defines critical discourse analysis as an approach which seeks to investigate systematically. “Often opaque relationships of causality and determination between (a) discursive practices, events and texts and (b) broader social and cultural structures, relations and processes
Open Document