Abstract The evidence offered in this paper clearly highlights the Psychological manipulation which is a type of social influence that aims to change the perception or behavior of others through underhanded, deceptive, or even abusive techniques. This advances the interests of the manipulator, generally at the victim's expense, in methods that may be considered abusive, devious, deceptive, and exploitative. The main focus of this study is to understand how people are manipulated and the different kind of tactics that are used to manipulate them. That being said the type of people under study will be those of a psychopathic or sociopathic trend. Seeing as how these people do not feel any guilt or remorse their methods of manipulation are very rough and usually cause
Abstract The evidence offered in this paper clearly highlights thePsychological manipulation which is a type of social influence that aims to change the perception or behavior of others through underhanded, deceptive, or even abusive techniques. This advances the interests of the manipulator, generally at the victim's expense, in methods that may be considered abusive, devious, deceptive, and exploitative. The main focus of this study is to understand how people are manipulated and the different kind of tactics that are used to manipulate them. That being said the type of people under study will be those of a psychopathic or sociopathic trend. Seeing as how these people do not feel any guilt or remorse their methods of manipulation are very
CDA pay attention to all levels and dimensions of discourse, those grammar (phonology, syntax, semantics), style, rhetoric, schematic organization, speech act, pragmatic strategies, and those interaction among others. It is not limited to purely verbal approach to discourse but also pay attention to semiotic dimension of communication event. It is also an attempt to uncover, reveal, or disclose what is implicit, hidden, or otherwise not immediately obvious in relations of discursively enacted dominance or their underlying ideologies. In this context, it helps in understanding the underlying meaning of President Bush’s of the Union speech. It critically analyze every details of the speech; meaning, form, function and cognitive techniques of manipulation.
In the present study, Critical Discourse Analysis approach is employed to gauge deeper insights on how the text and visual are used to understanding and interpret textual features, interpersonal system and ideational meaning between the magazines and the readers. According to Van Djik (2006), CDA approach is not limited to the ‘verbal’ approaches to discourse, but also focuses on other semiotic dimensions such as pictures, gestures and etc. of communicative events. Magazine for an example is a one way communication that involved text and visual in our daily life. The communication is intrinsically multimodal as it involved two modes, namely text and visual.
The study of discourse is sometimes more narrowly construed as the study of connected sequences of sentences produced by a single speaker. In what follows we will construe the term, discourse narrowly and when more than one person is involved, we will speak of conversation or more generally a talk-exchange. There are many forms of discourse and many forms of talk-exchange. Letters, jokes, stories, lectures, sermons, speeches, and so on, are all categories of discourse; arguments, interview, business dealing, instruction, and conversation are categories of
A language practices is routines or activities in which people take part for particular purposes. Discourse analysis is the surface form of what people have said or written, looking carefully at the way they use language. Context is dealing with spoken communication. It refers to the physical location & social circumstances. It includes many elements such as the physical surrounding, the relationship between the speakers, the past shared experience & current goals & the social events & broader cultural values & expectations (Allington, Daniel & Barbara, Mayor, 2012, p. 6).
Discourse analysis is essentially multidisciplinary. It involves linguistics, poetics, semiotics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, history, and communication research. Discourse analysts study language in use in relation to social, political and cultural aspects. The term ‘Discourse’ is wide spread. Discourse is language and therefore discourse analysis
Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is a sub-discipline of discourse analysis, a term used to refer to several approaches that are used to analyze the language use. CDA critically examines the relations between language use and the societies and cultures. One important name in the field of CDA is Teun A. Van Dijk. Van Dijk is interested in how different texts are shaped by the social power relations and ideologies (Väliverronen, E. 2003: 28-29).
4. Theoritical Framework: Discourse Analysis: Discourse (DA) is a modern discipline of the social sciences that covers a wide variety of different sociolinguistic approaches. Discourse analysts looks at any given text, and this just means anything that communicates a message, and particularly, how that message constructs a social reality or view of the world. The interpretation of a discourse element is dependent on another element that can be pointed out in discourse. (Renkema ,1993, 40).
Discourse analysis studies how language is used in texts and conversations, and sees “language beyond the sentence” (Yule, 2010). It is an excellent tool that allows us to explore language and how it is used according to context both in and out of the classroom. We need to present our student authentic examples of how native speakers use the target language naturally. As English language teachers we need to take into account all the implications that discourse analysis has in the construction of meaning for language learners. It is especially important when dealing with English for Specific Purposes (ESP) and English for Academic Purposes (EAP), notably the particular language or discourse used in specific areas as to avoid problems in meaning and