Attempts have been made in order to understand principles of successful persuasion. Persuasion has been studied as an art for most of human history. Politics is often defined as the art of government; the central aim of political interaction can be stated as persuasion. Aristotle was the one who laid the foundation for the study of rhetoric. His approach towards the topic of rhetoric was analytical in nature and emphasized on three factors: ethos, pathos and
An understanding of the history and origins of politics helps us to understand how there can be so many different definitions and understandings of politics around the globe. As we are about to discuss what politics should be, it is important to note the philosophical thoughts of
In reflecting what candidates are saying during a campaign, the mass media may well determine the important issues – that is, the media may set the “agenda” of the campaign (McCombs, 2003). Basic/core assumptions The two basic assumptions on which the agenda setting theory is based on are: 1. the press and the media do not reflect reality; they filter and shape it; 2. media concentration on a few issues and subjects leads the public to perceive those issues as more important than other issues. Agenda setting occurs through a cognitive process known as “accessibility,” which implies that the more frequently and prominently the news media covers an issue, the more that issue becomes accessible in the audience’s memory (Iyengar & Kinder, 1987). Types There are three basic types of agenda setting according to Everett Rogers and J.W. Dearing (1988): 1. public Public agenda setting focuses on the audience’s agenda 2. media media agenda setting focuses on the influence of the mass media on the audience.
It is crucial to state that discourses are partial and positioned, and social difference is manifest in the diversity of discourses within particular cultural contexts. In this direction, the content of political propaganda is also very important in political election area. The more a political discourse is related to the general political culture of a society, the more the success percentage of that discourse will be. One important point in political-critical discourse analysis is that a successful political discourse is the one that moves toward the expected willingness and desires of a society. In Iran, for example, there are different cultural criteria that help a political discourse to be dominant in election campaigns, including: being management-oriented and program-oriented, having religious thoughts, fighting with immorality and corruption, bravery toward foreigners, willingness to stability and safeguarding the interests of the people, willingness to social and cultural freedoms, submitting effective strategies to have suitable interaction with others, simple-living and avoidance of luxury and so
Scholars try usually to uncover their “ideology” through the media products, where they provide messages and underlying images to the public. Thus, ideology is basically a system of meaning that helps define and explain the world and that makes value judgments about that world. In this context, Ideology is related to concepts such as worldview, belief system, and values, but it is broader than those terms. Ideology refers to the basic way in which world is defined in addition to the beliefs held about the world. Ideology could be explained through politics but usually it is not just about politics; it has a broader and more fundamental connotation.
The same problems influence the analysis of the use of a political caricature, thus the methodology required to analyze a caricature's use and it's position in tradition must factor in these problems. The following chapter will attempt to work around these problems, and find an analytical approach which will deliver data about tradition and the use of political caricatures. It will begin by discussing the issue of tradition and use respectively, and then continue by locating where in an caricature's structure evidence of analysis for either can be found. The next segment will deal with the development of a methodological approach to analysis of use and its relation to tradition, and lastly, the theory will be applied to a historical example
Chapter one: The History of The Public Opinion Introduction The public opinion is a set of attitudes and views of individuals concerned with particular controversial issues, including politics and government action. Its impact is not only limited to politics and elections, but also concerned with many other spheres, such as culture, literature, the arts, public relations and so on. The American public opinion has been a subject of inquiry since the rise of democratic states, in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries because governments started to be well known, and democracies were expected to present and be responsible for their people. Before dealing with the American public opinion, one should know the nature of the notion and its
This paper looked at the origins of critical theory as well as its definition. The paper also focused on giving modern-day examples of the different ways culture and technology are used to control people.Finally, the paper attempted to explain the relationship of how necrotizing of the media has negatively affected progressive change in the U.S. I believe that there some ways in which society is controlled by the domain group either through violence, social media, entertainment, and even laws and especially today it is imperative that we recognize the different ways in which we are controlled. I also believe that although the United States is a place of progressive change we sometimes allow an abundance of information on an issue in the real world makes us complacent about fixing it. We must recognize that although it always good to gather information and talk on social about fighting for change sometimes we must sometimes get our hands dirty and be an active part in making the progressive changes we want to see become a
Stedman The Role Played by ‘spoilers’ in Peace Processes by DANIEL GRAY This study will scan the role of the actors who energetically pursue to hamper, delay, or weaken conflict settlement’ [ii] due to many reasons and by a different methods. This essay talks Stephen Stedman’s term ‘spoiler’ to classifying such actors.  This paper critically analyised of Stedman work; mainly by Marie-Joëlle Zahar and Feargal Cochrane.they use a similar model of investigating spoiler behaviour as Stedman, but by implementing independent and new contemporary thinking. I will observe more thoroughly the characters that spoilers have and the consequences they have over a number of peace accords.this analysis aim to classify apprehensions over simplification in outdated discussions on spoilers and the disputed negotiation used to quantify confrontations to peace. Location of the Spoiler The location of the spoiler is also equally significant in this discussion.
One of the effective means to practice social, economical and political ideas is to get involved in politics. Political functions are manipulated by the persuasive use of language. The use of metaphorical language allows politicians to exercise effective control over delicate sociopolitical issues ( (Myers), 1984). Political rhetoric is a common tool for politicians to mould the situation accordingly. The major concern of this debate is the effectiveness and the future position of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP).