Although critical thinking skills can be used in exposing misconceptions and bad reasoning, critical thinking can also play an important role in cooperative reasoning and constructive task. Besides, critical thinking also known as "complex thinking" and "high-order thinking". The ability to think critically calls for a higher order thinking than simply the ability to recall information. Critical thinkers need to have knowledge of concepts to an application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Central of critical thinking is the ability to think "outside" a piece of writing.
Critical thinking brings important issues out and presents them clearly by gathering and considering important information. This type of thinking will lead to well thought out conclusions. It also requires an opened mind and effective conclusions. Critical thinkers take charge of their own mind and this allows taking charge of their lives. They also understand that humans are naturally flawed so they tend to be rational and reasonable while knowing they can fall prey to mistakes in many different ways, like prejudgment or self-interest.
Unlike realists, constructivists define a social problem as the extent of felt concern over a condition or problem in society. They believe that social problems should be looked at critically and not taken at face value as what is labelled as problematic is often used for specific interests. Apart from differences in defining what a social
The article describes critical thinking as many different observations of one’s worldview. The research suggests a moral perspective or a set of values, (Mason, p.3. 2009). These moral, values, which inspires one’s critical thinking skills are based on race, culture, and background. Critical thinking skills is a framework for thinking independently of a person insight of one’s own position weather, these skills are weak, or strong.
This theory clearly asserts the humanistic elements such as individuality, contemplative self-awareness and cogitative reaction. Moreover, Social Cognitive Theory is a strategy for changing, predicting and understanding the individual 's behavior. It analyzes the extrinsic and intrinsic factors. The three main components that this theory incorporates are the personal, social and behavioral stimulus. These factors completely altered the identity and personality of an individual.
It, of course, does not directly go to say that they are completely irrelevant, but rather that there is a demand for an even more all-encompassing concept of understanding alongside these particular happenings in a social scenario. Ultimately, this could be achieved through more practicalities. To quote Peter Winch several decades ago: “The central concepts which belong to our understanding of social life are incompatible with concepts central to the activity of scientific prediction. When we speak of the possibility of scientific prediction of social developments, we literally do not understand what we are saying.” In layman's term, the gap between scientific ideology and social relativity are far too huge to encourage actual understanding of its uses, which ideally does not diminish the value of knowledge itself, but rather the ability to retain
Critical thinking is relevant in a few different aspects of life. For example, critical thinking can be applied to school and learning. There are people who support using different aspects of critical thinking in students curriculum. Laura Hummell said, "Critical thinking skill development is crucial in elementary schools. Students who are allowed to explore, empathize, question, hypothesize, conceptualize, experiment, and evaluate throughout their own learning become productive community members" (Hummell 5).
I wondered if I could teach students to look at the opinions and attitudes of others and reason with them critically against their own and as a result gain good citizenry and social skills. This led me to consider moral choices we make and if we could teach children to live by a moral standard that involved the process of critical thinking. The starting point of the research was difficult to establish. My search began with ‘education and critical thinking’. I considered the theories of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle; the original interpretations of deeper understanding of relationships and realities.
In order to critically discuss or analyze a situation, one needs to have an understanding of the logical connections between the ideas. Once the logical connection is made, valid arguments must be identified, constructed and evaluated before the inconsistencies can be revealed. A systematic flow of problem solving will then be able to occur, after which the situation was therefore critically analyzed (Lau & Chan, 2016) – hence following the critical rationalism basis. The critical rationalism perspective tells us that we should be far more critical of whatever the media tells us. The perspective can thus lead us to question what authority tell us, be more open to what other people think, examine our own opinions more carefully, be more tolerant and understanding, as well as solve
It is important to inculcate these skills in the students because the society that they live in constantly changes. Lau & Chan (2004-2013) state critical thinking as “the ability to think clearly and rationally. It includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking.” The society that they live in is diverse and versatile, so the problem that they come across will vary and they should be able to deal with the problems with their ability to reason, analyze and with their power of critical thinking. If these skills are enhanced in them, then they will be able to tackle problems rationally and appropriately. Especially in a world where democracy plays a big role, they should be able to use their skill of critical thinking to come to their own conclusion and make better