It was used to treat depression, anxiety and stress/distress symptoms of the patients. One of the concerns of the study was also to investigate if the effect on depression is brought about by self-compassion. The experiment was done in two phases. In phase one, patients with mild/moderate psychology distress were used, where 8 patients each were randomly assigned to receiving MBCT or treatment as usual (TAU) and assessed both before and after the treatment. The effect of treatment on anxiety and depression was analyzed using analysis of variance.
BRIEF PSYCHIATRIC RATING SCALE (BPRS)73 We used 18=item Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)73. BPRS is a widely used instrument for assessing the positive, negative, and affective symptoms of individuals who have psychotic disorders, especially schizophrenia. It has proven particularly valuable for documenting the efficacy of treatment in patients who have moderate to severe disease. The BPRS consists of 18 symptom constructs and takes 20-30 minutes for the interview and scoring. The rater should enter a number ranging from 1 (not present) to 7 (extremely severe).
The medical community is split on this issue; several studies that have been conducted on the effects of marijuana in the adult brain have been inconclusive. The National Institute of Drug Abuse states, “Many people who use marijuana long term . . . may begin to have symptoms such as grouchiness, sleepiness, decreased appetite, anxiety, and cravings.” Harvard Health publishing: Harvard Medical School stated: Marijuana is used to manage nausea and weight loss, and can be used to treat glaucoma.
Literature review Symptom types of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is generally divided according to symptom types. The symptoms of schizophrenia have been divided into three specific complexes (i.e., positive symptoms, negative symptoms and cognitive deficits; Buchanan, 2007), while others use a dichotomous model, such as type I and type II Schizophrenia (Crow, 1980) that roughly corresponds to positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia (Andreasen, 1982). Positive symptoms were characterized over the past 150 years by active excesses in normal functioning; while negative symptoms of schizophrenia are characterized by a loss of normal functioning (Berrios, 1985; Rector, Beck & Stolar, 2005). Hence, while there are different symptom types, all typologies and dimensional models acknowledge negative symptoms. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia are thought to be a marker of dysfunction and cognitive impairments (Rabinowtiz et al., 2012).
The study found out that in every three adverse drug effects caused by medication errors, one of them occurs by a nurse medication administration. Additionally, In the US, annual estimated cost of drug caused morbidity and mortality is above $ 1.56 billion. Adverse drug effects caused by medication errors is rated to be between 3% and 28% of all the hospitalizations in the US. In another study done by Wakefield et.al investigating nurses perceptions on the causes of medication errors shows that error at administration was 56.4%, documentation error of 87.5% (the majority), technique error of 73,1% and time error of 53.6%. As it turns out, error in documentation is the most dominant found in the
Basturkmen (2012) regards research articles as particularly valuable genre investigations since they have been under a strenuous review process. Yang and Allison (2003) call (RA) the central genre of knowledge
DISCUSSION The use of a pneumatic tourniquet may be associated with local complications including limb paralysis, nerve, muscle, vessel, skin damages and other injuries such as compartment syndrome (1-3). Clinical and experimental studies showed that nerve conduction abnormalities and muscle dysfunctions occur after 30-45 minutes of tourniquet application in more than 70 % of lower extremity surgeries which persisted up to 6 months and correlated with impaired postoperative function and delayed recovery after tourniquet use. Moreover, it has been suggested that incidence of these abnormalities may be underreported (4).These abnormalities have been attributed to length of ischemia period as well as excessive inflation pressures used. As a goal,
The study included 16 female participants (mean age of 58 years) and 23 male participants (mean age of 52 years) with a history of diabetes (mean period of 8 years) and hypertension following diabetes that led to Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA). Hence, inclusion criteria for the study included people with stroke presenting with a history of metabolic syndrome (diabetes-hypertension). Detailed clinical evaluation was done, with careful consideration of pre and post morbid stages. MRI and CT scan was examined to get an understanding of the client’s site of lesion and areas affected. Following this, Western Aphasia Battery was administered to understand the type of aphasia.
The reason for this is perhaps most clearly shown by looking at the prevalence of intracranial haemorrhage. This varied from 0.9% to 35% among the 16 studies (Table 2). The variation in the ICH prevalence rates is mainly explained by the variability in the inclusion criteria. Those studies that had low prevalence rates studied every patient that was treated for head injury attending the emergency department, whereas the studies with high prevalence rates used criteria such as ‘all children admitted for observation with loss of consciousness’. A second reason that may have contributed to the heterogeneity is the definition of intracranial haemorrhage used in each study.
What is Depression and how does it affect teenagers? Depression, also known as Major Depressive Disorder is a common medical illness that negatively affects how one feels, acts and/ or thinks. (“Teen Mental Health”, 2018) states, “In a one-year period, approximately 7 percent of people will experience Depression. It is most common in women and in young adults, and the first episode often begins in the teen years or early adulthood.” Although Depression is common throughout society, it is different than feeling sad or down; one who deals with depression can not simply ‘snap out of it’. Symptoms may be different in regards to the serverness of the Depression and the person dealing with it.
Capstone Project: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Evidence Based Practice – NUR 4775L Dr. Susan Poole, DNP, CNE November 22, 2015 Capstone Part I: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Introduction to Problem According to Centre for disease Control (CDC) more than 1.4 million people 65 and older live in nursing homes. If current rates continue, by 2030 this number will rise to about 3 million (CDC, 2014). Nursing home residents are at an increases risk for falls depending on the acuity of their illness and their mental state. Falls can result in, reduced quality of life, functional
Medication Assisted Treatment, or "MAT" for short, is the use of FDA approved medication for the treatment of opiate/opioid addiction and substance abuse with counseling and behavioral therapies to treat addiction (Cormier, 2014). This treatment can be used concurrently with a 12-step addiction program. Common medications used with this treatment are Methadone, Buprenorphine, Naltrexone, Acamprosate and Disulfiram. Despite research demonstrating MAT’s effectiveness as an evidence-based practice, such treatment remains underutilized (Reardon, 2014). For example, less than one-half of the 2.5 million Americans aged 12 or older who abused or were dependent on opioids in 2013 received MAT with positive effects (Volkow, Frieden, Hyde, & Cha, 2014).
As a result of studies and research psychiatrist, and medical providers know that contributory factors of depression and treatment is not as simple as once thought. A multidisciplinary approach is needed to treat this disease. Treatment options provide successful treatment for this disorder in 80 % of the patients, include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor’s medications such as sertraline (Zoloft), Citalopram (celexa) which are considered the first line drugs of treatment. Serotonin/ norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors and medications such as mirtazapine, and bupropion also prescribed. In addition other treatment include Electroconvulsive therapy, which has a rapid response and supportive psychotherapy, cognitive behavior therapy and interpersonal
Introduction This paper discusses the two types of rhinitis which are allergic and non-allergic and how rhinitis affects the dentition, jaw growth, dental occlusion, and behavior. Rhinitis in adults is discussed as well as the effect of rhinitis on children. Allergic Rhinitis Allergic rhinitis affects more than 1.4 billion people worldwide and is the condition where the immune system recognizes an intruder which in this case is called an allergen. The immune system releases histamine and chemical mediators in response to the allergen, and the nose, eyes, ears, throat, skin and roof of the mouth may experience symptoms. Pollen in the air causes seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) which will depend on the time of year as well as the location.
The most crucial component of searching databases is determining which terms to use. Through trial and error, I found that using the words nausea and vomiting yielded many articles on my subject. Under the Cochran Database of Systematic Reviews, Joanna Briggs Institute and Database of Abstract of Reviews of Effects (DARE) there is a total of 472 articles 24 of which are pertinent to my research topic. Although the first level of the hierarchy yielded many articles, level two was not as successful. At the critically appraised topics portion of the pyramid, the databases are the National guideline clearing house, Annual Reviews, and Best BETs.