Elissa Marder, a professor of French and comparative literature at Emory University, in her essay Trauma and Literary Studies: Some “Enabling Questions” alsoobserves that’ In the late 20thcentury, Cathy Caruth, a distinguished research professor of comparative literature and English is considered as one of the leading pioneers of trauma theory, she theorized the concept of trauma in the light of literature. That, literary texts are means through which the nature of trauma is revealed by its witnesses. . She argues that literature enables us to bear witness to events that can’t be absolutely known and introduces us to experiences that might have otherwise stayed unspoken and unheard. Caruth powerfully and convincingly shows that despite the fact that certain kinds of events can’t be completely understood,
The particular selective pressure is made known by the functional design of the trait, which grants one the ability to determine the nature of the selective pressure liable for the adaptation. Directly from a selective pressure is an adaptation capable of materializing, in addition, by-product traits can be indirectly formed in this process. This brings about one of my above mentioned research questions; is rape the outcome of a rape-specific adaptation or else is it a by-product of additional or former adaptations. To argue either a specific rape adaptation or rape as a by-product in evolution, Palmer and Thornhill suggests using evidence across species and across cultures to observe the presence and influence of rape. Thornhill and thornhill
Being one of Virginia Woolf’s first novels, Jacob’s Room is an example of how Woolf incorporated modernism to distinguish herself from other writers and novels. She conveys this theme of modernism with her disjointed syntax. The recollections of Jacob’s mother and closest friends in his life are ambiguous narrations that resemble her theme of humanity, how the readers have a lesson to learn from Jacob’s life. In addition, she uses the the symbolism of the character’s letters to embody her theme of communication which adds to her perspective of death. Woolf brings across her topics of humanity, death, and communication in this novel to bring to the reader’s attention the importance of “living life to the fullest” with her techniques of disjointed syntax, ambiguous narration, and symbolism.
They did this with their explainer from Shakesville who enlightens readers that rape culture is when women have to change their habits to protect themselves from rape because it is a woman’s fault if she in fact is assaulted. They also use Daniel Tosh, a famed comedian, as an example of how desensitized people are to the idea of rape because of
Harriet Jacobs’ "Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself" is a classic work of American literature due to its significance and conscious artistry. Its significance comes from its contribution of a female perspective to the slave narrative and its ability to make Americans remember their role in slavery. Harriet Jacobs then displayed conscious artistry by confronting the practice of sexual abuse by male slave owners and then directly addressing her female readers in order to gain their sympathy towards the female slave experience. This combination of significance and conscious artistry has made “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself" a continued hallmark of literature. By using the female point of view in her work "Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself", Harriet Jacobs transformed the classic slave narrative.
Name (in full) of Participant: Smt. Himanshu Kandpal Designation: Assistant professor in English Name of the Institution: Govt. M.S. College for women, Bikaner (Rajasthan) E- Mail Address: email@example.com Contact Number: 09784728738 Title of the proposed paper: Reinterpretation of Draupadi's myth in Shauna Singh Baldwin's play We Are So Different Now Abstract Myths are important part of any culture and society. Indian scriptures abound in mythological stories which are reinterpreted and revised numerous times by the contemporary writers because these stories are deeply ingrained in the collective unconscious of Indian society and forms the ideological basis of thinking.
Thus they share similar and intimate experience of oppression. That is why postcolonial thinkers have shared concerns with development in feminist theory. They are striving to reassert marginalized voices. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak puts forward rhetorical and ironic question through her essay, “Can Subaltern Speak?” (1985) declares women voiceless. She has focused on the dual burdens carried out by the postcolonial female subjects; both patriarchal and imperial.
As an important writer of the Stream-of-Consciousness Novel, Virginia Woolf is one of the most prominent women writers in the history of modern English literature. Under the influence of western philosophy and psychology in the 20th century, she devoted to the reform of novel-writing. She attacked the traditional manner of novel-writing by pointing out that it paid too much attention to exterior details but ignored the inner world of man. She thus asked writers to explore the inner life and called for a new kind of novel, as represented by Ulysses. To Woolf, the world where we live is fragmentary, and disorderly.
According to Khan Touseef Osman, in his research article on “Trauma Theory and Its Implications in Humanities and Social Sciences”, he confirms that: The term “trauma theory” first appears in Cathy Caruth’s Unclaimed Experience. The theory, arguably, stems from her insightful interpretation and elaboration of Freud’s deliberations on traumatic experiences in Beyond the Pleasure Principle and Moses and Monotheism. (Osman 1) ElissaMarder, a professor of French and comparative literature at Emory University, in her essay Trauma and Literary Studies: Some “Enabling Questions” alsoobserves that’ In the late 20thcentury, Cathy Caruth, a distinguished research professor of comparative literature and English is considered as one of the leading pioneers of trauma theory, she theorized the concept of trauma in the light of literature, that, literary texts are means through which the nature of trauma is revealed by its witnesses. She argues that literature enables us to bear witness to events that can’t be absolutely known and introduces us to experiences that might have otherwise stayed unspoken and unheard. Caruth powerfully and convincingly shows that despite the fact that certain kinds of events can’t be completely understood, these events consequently become significant in diverseways by being expressed to others
Anita Desai adds a new dimension to the achievement of new Indian women writers in English fiction by probing the inner lives of her women characters. K.R. Srinivas Iyengar’s evaluation of Anita Desai is pertinent when he asserts: Her forte in other words is the exploration of sensibility. The particular kind of modern Indian sensibility that is ill at ease among the barbarians and the philistines, the anarchists and the amoralists. The intolerable grapple with thoughts, feelings and emotions is necessarily reflected in the language, syntax and imagery, yet the readers first impression on reading Anita Desai’s novels may very well be that the emotions are too many, and are often the result of excessive cerebrations on the authors part and not always determined by the movement in the consciousness of the characters.