Raju: Yes of course, but one has to identify and develop it through various ways. OBJECTIVES: • Identify pros/cons of an issue • Provide logical connections for an idea • Think logically plus sequentially A critically thinking person would be able to do the following: • Understands the logical connections between ideas. • Identify, construct and evaluate arguments. • Detect inconsistencies and the most common mistakes in reasoning. • Ability to solve problems in a systematic manner.
With logic, we observe certain characteristics of events and then generalize based on these observations. Logic also does not consider the subjective or emotions and can't predict the behaviour of complex systems due to their interconnected and complex nature. The point is, if you’re used to thinking a set way and have seen limited results, having a different set of tools for thought that allows you to explore different angles can be extremely invaluable. A first, and perhaps obvious, step to thinking the systems way is valuing the opinion of others, trying out their perspectives to see if they make sense, and incorporating their insights. It involves constantly re-assessing your position for credibility, regardless of your worldview.
Moon (2005) defines reflection as a form of mental processing that a person use to fulfil a purpose or to achieve some anticipated outcome. It is applied to gain a better understanding of relatively complicated or unstructured ideas and is largely based on the reprocessing of knowledge, understanding and the emotions that a person already posses. Dewey`s ideas provided a basis for the concept of reflective practice which gained influence with the arrival of Schon`s book “The reflective practitioner: how professionals think in action” (Schon, 1983). In this seminal work, Schon identified ways in which professionals could become aware of their implicit knowledge and learn from their experience. His main concern was to facilitate the development of reflective practitioners.
However, Paul (1990) criticized these definitions, since he believes that these definitions rely on concepts such as reasonableness or reflectivity that are not defined well. Elder and Paul (1994) assert that critical thinking is the ability of thinkers to take control of their own thinking and develop logical criteria and standards for analyzing and evaluating their own thinking. “These definitions emphasize the metacognitive aspect of critical thinking, independent thinking, and the importance of learning to assess thinking (your own or someone else’s) according to normative standards” (Reed, 1998, p.19). Some researchers believe that the origin of these differences has rested in the various theories and models in two distinct disciplines: philosophy and psychology study. Reed (1998) claims that philosophers have focused on the nature and quality of the products and outcome of critical thinking.
This purpose is primarily out of the desire to know more of the subject-matter of what we are reading— to actually peel the layers of meaning in every idea that has been read, and to arrive at a certain point of understanding where we get to integrate the concept to the real-life circumstances. This is where Critical Reading comes into the picture. WHAT IS CRITICAL READING? Reading is certainly distinct from Critical Reading because the former is only concerned with one’s apprehension of the sequence of ideas in the given text while the latter is considered as an analytic activity because it is an integration of an approach
Critical Thinking Development Critical thinking can have different meanings, depending on the person. To me, critical thinking means advancing ones thinking to the level that one can properly certain situations and self-examine, as well as take a more in-depth view of the world’s complexities. Developing one’s critical thinking takes more than simply understanding the components of critical thinking. Studying and demonstrating the components help to better understand the concept and improve one’s thinking process. Although developing critical thinking skills isn’t the same as learning other skills and can take more work, it is definitely a skill worth having that will prove to be beneficial in every aspect of life.
Reason. Rehearse means one must be able to evaluate the evidence for themselves and not take on the opinion of another . Taking on the opinion of another without thinking for your self is an example of passive decision making. Reflection would be the next step and it involves a person reflecting on the meaning of statements and ideas. Reflection relates to active decision making to me because
According to the text, why is “who you are as a communicator” so important? Discuss the idea in your own words. By knowing the importance of each small element in the communication, we can examine ourselves. The way that one speaks represents not only the message itself, but the personality on speaker. The way that one listens to others also somehow encourages or discourages people to continue.
The traditional argument here follows the lines of “were we to not have a soul we would have no free will (1), moral obligation relies on the existence of a free agent (2), therefore without a soul, there can be no obligation to act ethically (C).” This admittedly simplified argument has two premises (Labeled 1 and 2 respectively). If either one of these premises can be shown to be false the argument can no longer stand as they are both necessary to the validity of the conclusion. Let’s begin with premise 1, even if we grant the implicit statement that “all solely material things have no free will” (which seems to be true) the premise still does not stand. The second statement implicit in the premise is that the existence of a soul allows for free will. This second half of the claim is where the first premise truly falls
-listen to what speaker says and checking the consistency of it, check If the writer contradict and check what is beneath this contradiction. The last way of improving and developing the critical thinking is critical asking. The words that you should use in critical way such as : why? How much? How