After witnessing all the prosecutions and how all the reputations were being ruined at the time, Miller himself began believing that this misfortune was actually a reality. In his time, Miller wrote The Crucible as an allegory to portray the Communist trials and to reveal to the people how this madness was taking over their fundamental society. Throughout Miller 's article “Were You Now or Were You Ever?” he uses a competent tone, parallelism and repetition reflecting paranoia, and the use of an
In McCarthyism, people looked at communists as enemies of the country. If people were aware of the card carrying communist, only life itself would be over. American citizens would shun these people that do not believe in Democratic ways. In The Crucible, the punishments were much more dangerous. Witchcraft, is seen as a demonic practice and is completely against the Puritan church.
In both the play The Crucible and the film Good Night and Good Luck, the characters reflect the people during the Red Scare of the 1950’s and the Salem witch hunts of the 1600’s. Even though in different time periods, both events caused controversy and chaos that made people very afraid of having a communist or witch reputation. Both Edward Murrow and John Proctor are similar in the manner that they both fight against the government’s power. For example, Proctor was against Judge Danforth because he was accused of association with the devil, just like Murrow was accused of communism by Senator McCarthy. Both were willing to stand up against hysteria even if it would ruin their reputation.
McCarthyism resulted in Americans turning against each other because of politicians greed for power, paranoia, and the fear of communist infiltration. Clearly, Senator McCarthy’s greed for political power led to American citizens’ unrest. In Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible”, John Proctor dealt with the corruption of power in his town when Abigail Williams and many other girls accused those, who were innocent, of witchcraft. Similarly, americans were being blacklisted by McCarthy because they believed these people may have
The namesake of McCarthyism, his goal was to weed out all communist supporters. Suspected communists were arrested and interrogated. Because of his stance on the matter, he gained mass popularity. His support of the Red Scare only strengthened its cause and purpose, and reflecting such views, McCarthy’s party, the Republicans, rose in status as well. Because of this, nobody was willing to put a check on McCarthy 's methods: he helped the party and anyone against the senator would be perceived as a traitor.
The Salem witch trials and McCarthyism have an uncanny relation to one another. In Salem people were afraid of not appearing christian enough, meanwhile during the 50’s Americans feared of being accused of communism. Also during the McCarthyism era and the witch trials innocent lives were ruined when people were forced to accuse others or be accused themselves. Though The Crucible is an allegory for McCarthyism, it focuses some of its attention on the question what is more important, your honor and reputation or your life?
By accusing the Army of treason, he lost respect in the population and bad opinions spread around, ruining his power streak. This risk prevented these kinds of people from succumbing to actions that would sabotage their reputation. In addition, McCarthyism allowed these kinds of nasty people, such as McCarthy, to act upon unsightly desires. Therefore, the McCarthy trials encouraged the conflict between
Macbeth is used by Shakespeare to show the irony of the Gunpowder Plot. The conspirators created the plot to freely practice their religion, yet planned to murder people, which, in most cases, is probably not the holiest of acts. The irony in Macbeth is that he plans to kill people in power to gain power, yet the same brings him to his demise. Macbeth is not only an entertaining work, but a historical telling of social and political issues of 17th century Protestant England.
Between 1950 and 1954, Senator Joseph McCarthy investigated people suspected of being associated with communism. In the writing 'The Crucible,' Miller's purpose was to point out the similarities between the Salem witch hunts and
Imagine the wicked House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) arrest an innocent man. The HUAC does not arrest the man because he has committed a murder, but because he is a communist. Many communists became victims of HUAC in the Red Scare crisis of the 1950s. These communists made the right decision to speak out for their freedom and against injustice. These communists also spoke out for their freedom of different beliefs.
They also believed that movies and television shows were attempting to get Americans to support communism by using propaganda. Screenwriters, musicians, actors, directors, and other entertainment professionals were subpoenaed by the HUAC because of their suspected political beliefs or associations. If they rejected answering questions in investigations by “pleading the Fifth”, they were blacklisted. When someone in Hollywood was blacklisted they were denied employment and banned from work. Nobody wanted to employ anyone who was suspected of being affiliated with the communist party.
This is also depicted in the McCarthy hearings, for accused communists were pressured to give up the other communists. In the article “Wikidot: McCarthy’s Communist Witch Hunt” by unknown, it is mentioned that “During the Red Scare, McCarthy had employees of many companies sign loyalty oaths that stated they were not a communist or sympathized with any communists and the best way to get around any further questioning was to shove the blame towards another person.” This exemplifies the fact that blame was always shifted to someone else, causing the issues to last far too
This can be seen in The Crucible when Hale attempts to convince the accused to confess to their crimes in order to save their lives even if they are wrongly accused. Hale says to Elizabeth Proctor “Goody Proctor, your husband is marked to hang this morning.” (The Crucible, Act IV, Miller, 131) when he initiates his attempt to convince Mrs. Proctor to influence John Proctor to confess. Hale has become frustrated with the court system and is now attempting to convince all of the accused to confess to a crime they didn’t do in order to save all of their lives. Another parallel between the incidents dramatized in The Crucible and the acts during the 1950’s due to McCarthyism is that in both instances, the community was extremely religion based.
McCarthy came into possession of one of Hoover’s secret files about possible corrupt people at Fort Monmouth (185). Hoover had his agents cut ties with McCarthy, so without their files, McCarthy would be on his own (187). Hoover and attorney general Brownell ruled McCarthy’s possession of
Their names were often publicized, and they were denied other jobs.” (Case Against the Rosenbergs) This was the government’s method of trying to calm and pacify the public and it for the most part worked. The Red Scare, where Americans feared Communism’s rise in our country, was a terrible time for most.