Criticism Of Orientalism In Orientalism

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International relations discuss the relationships amongst countries and the presence of other organisations in the political spectrum. Orientalism is crucial to this post-colonial understanding of international relations. Edward Said addressed this concept of Orientalism in 1978 through his book ‘Orientalism’ and raised arguments like how the partition between East and West is an imagined margin on the basis of an ‘us versus them’ idea and the West’s use of binary opposition between the East and West to demarcate themselves as the superior race and qualifying occupation as their responsibility to bring civilisation to the weaker Orient. He also explains concepts like the oversimplifying of traits linked to the Orientals and essentialising them and the Orient to form a conception about them, and moulding the Orientals to be as the West sees them.…show more content…
Critics have argued that the Orient that Said describes all of Central Asia, Turkey, Middle East and North Africa and this contends with the understanding of the assortment and extent of Orientalism (Huggan, G. (2005)). This means that Orientalism becomes a symbol for any type of othering that requires the representation of the ruling supremacy on the other group who are viewed as customarily side-lined, economically not established or, in other words, deficient (Huggan, G. (2005)). This is problematic because such a lax use of the classification; the Orient, has resulted in the revisiting of the binaries that Said insisted on opposing and instead contradicts himself (Huggan, G. (2005)). In my opinion, this criticism is valid because although he does draw on varying cultures like Islam or Hinduism, he fundamentally views the entire region of the ‘orient’ as homogenous and united in being victimised by the West. He does not take into account the varying societies, cultures or geographies of the different countries in the

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