Divine law cannot be attained alone by the means of natural reason alone; the precepts of divine law are disclosed only through divine revelation. Natural law includes possession of reason and free will, and should differentiate between good and avoid evil and appreciated the theory of natural law of morality. On his view, a human law (that is, that which is promulgated by human beings) is considered valid only insofar as its content conforms to the content of the natural law; as Aquinas puts the point: "Every human law has just so much of the nature of law as is derived from the law of nature. But if in any point it deflects from the law of nature, it is no longer a law but a perversion of law". To paraphrase
During the process of creating a social contract, the people exchange their freedom and natural rights for a stable state, thus giving the sovereign the ability to enact laws. Many believe that the modern day executive branch fulfills the role of Locke’s sovereign, and is responsible for protecting public interests i.e. the natural rights of the people, despite the lack of specific legislation . According to Locke’s theory a law created by the sovereign is only valid if it is related to an individuals natural rights of life, freedom and property. Thus the law “you will not stand on the blood of your neighbor” is valid because it protects the natural right that an individual has to life.
The State of Nature assumes everyone to be equal as well as that each person possesses their own natural rights. This means that there would be a society with no education, property, healthcare, goods, or services. Ultimately, the State of Nature could easily evolve into the State of War over property disputes where people’s rights would be in danger as Locke states, “If man in the state of nature be so free; … absolute lord of his own person and possessions; equal to the greatest and subject to nobody, why will he part with his freedom? Why will he … subject himself to the dominion and control of any other power? To which it is obvious to answer, that though in the state of nature he has such a right, yet the enjoyment of it very uncertain and constantly exposed to the invasion of others … and the enjoyment of the property he has in this state is very unsafe, very insecure.
At this time the water temperature was only 28°F, leaving a life expectancy of only fifteen to forty five minutes for those who weren’t lucky enough to board a lifeboat. A captain who came to the rescue after the wreckage said “ Striking the water was like a thousand knives being driven into one's body. The temperature was 28 degrees, four degrees
Natural law maintains that law should be based on morality and ethics. Natural law is based on what’s “correct” and is “discovered” by humans through the use of reason and choosing between good and evil. Where man exercises his reason correctly he will understand what will result in better ends. In fact, the interpretation of natural law varies from one theorist to another. According to Kelsen (1881-1973), laws and systems of government supposedly all derived from natural law vary from place to place and age to age, there being no unanimity between philosophers as to the conclusions to be deducted from natural law.
In developed countries, these rights are one of the important, and everyone should protect. When we are talking about Human Rights, we imagine a lot of rights, which people have. The main purpose, that’s why was created this, is to assure the rights of people. As I already mentioned, from this rights one of the important is the freedom of expression. Everyone can speak what they are thinking about something, but there are regulations, that limit the Freedom of Speech.
John Locke: John lock said that there are some rights that are given by the god to human. The most basic rights are life, liberty and property. All people should respect these rights. No person should deny these laws. To preserve these rights is the main purpose of the law.
“Human rights are not a privilege granted by the few, they are a liberty entitled to all, and human rights, by definition, include the rights of all humans, those in the dawn of life, the dusk of life, or the shadows of life”. (Kay Granger, U.S. Representative) Out of all the ethical ideas in the world, the belief that all people have particular rights holds much significance. This is because there is recognition that where a right is shown to exist, it must be met, where possible. Governments across the globe are known to have an obligation to provide for, uphold and protect the rights of their citizens. Such rights which are accepted politically may receive the backing of law.
We all know that law is very important in the society. It is a must in order for a society to be peaceful and problem-free. Law is a man-made therefore it is in you if you will follow it or not. If you do not follow the law, it doesn’t mean you will die, so nature has nothing to do on the laws of man. The law is something that the human has created to modulate the society by introducing justice, fairness and equality that is set by courts and governments and is applied to everyone within their jurisdiction.
Human Rights Every individual born is supposed to have some fundamental rights to enjoy during his lifetime and these are often termed as the key rights. There are two basic categories to define those namely 1) Absolute Rights and 2) Qualified Rights. Scholars are of the view that the ‘absolute rights’ are the basic rights that include the right to live and the right not to be subjected to inhumane treatment. ‘Qualified rights’ may cover freedom of thought, conscience, religion, opinion, freedom of association and assembly, and to which their importance in a society is respectful of human rights in general. However, if seen in a broader perspective these rights extend to the freedom of speech, access to press and media, the freedom to choose a way of living i.e.