Reasoning is all the positive and opposing arguments that support or critique the thesis by using logic. Socrates was accused and charged with being a corruptor of the youth and denying the gods of the city but introducing other divinities. Socrates defends his case by using reasoning and logic. Socrates said that if every Athenian improved the youth while only he corrupts them, then is influence should not have a greater effect than all the Athenians. Socrates didn’t corrupt the youth.
In this argument, Socrates wants people to stop caring about wealth and the artificial things in life, but rather to focus on body and soul. Moreover, this ties back to Crito because Socrates believed that if he gave up philosophizing he would be abandoning the examined life, and without wisdom or self-knowledge he would be better off
But you won’t be willing”. He said his definition and was sure that it was right. He also considered that Socrates was a liar and doesn’t know what he’s talking about because in earlier discussions Socrates didn’t give a suitable answer of the definition of justice, he just asked questions that were a bit mystery, and that was his way to prove
However, Haimon follows his father’s commands but politely argues with Kreon about the greater good for the community instead of himself. He tells his father that he disagrees with his beliefs and tries to show what he trusts is the right thing to do in the situation. Haimon agrees that his marriage with Antigone comes second to his father’s will but considering he disagrees with his fathers will about his fiancé, he puts his marriage first, which also represents what the community
Upon hearing this, Brutus does not necessarily have to link his wrongdoing with not killing Caesar, instead, he could have considered other alternatives to change the situation of Caesar being the sole ruling leader. Brutus could be rational and try to enact change by perhaps suggesting to Caesar that a single ruler will not lead to good outcomes. This is a logical solution because Caesar, as proud as he is, will be willing to listen to the opinions of a fellow friend and family member to show that he is a wise leader. There are many other possible situations whereby Caesar does not have to be a sole ruler, either he can step down from power, or more powerful individuals such as Brutus or Mark Anthony can step up to assist Caesar in a triumvirate. The fact that Brutus did not consider his options and decided to join the conspiracy showed that his own interpretation of Cassius’ words led him to think that murder is the right thing to
Socrates does not make sound arguments because although his premises are logical, they sometimes have nothing to do with the original argument. In Plato’s Euthyphro, the Euthyphro dilemma argument states whether the Gods love the pious because it is pious or it is pious because the Gods love it. In order to support this distinction, Socrates’ first premise in supporting this conclusion is the example of being carried. Socrates claims that there is a difference between something that is already in the state of being carried because it is carried or if something is carried because it is in the state of being carried. Similarly, there is a difference between something being in the state of being loved because it is loved and something being loved
Plato's The Apology is a record of the discourse Socrates makes at the trial in which he is accused of not perceiving the divine beings perceived by the state, developing new gods, and undermining the young of Athens. Socrates' discourse, in any case, is in no way, shape or form a "conciliatory sentiment" in our advanced comprehension of the word. The name of the exchange gets from the Greek "apologia," which deciphers as a guard, or a discourse made in barrier. Hence, in The Apology, Socrates endeavors to shield himself and his behavior - absolutely not to apologize for it. Generally, Socrates talks in a plain, conversational way.
By harming others one is being unjust and unjust deeds harm the soul. So what is the point of breaking the law if I will be hurt in the end? Furthermore, Socrates would never rationalize breaking the law because it would be violating an agreement made between the citizen and the state. The state is responsible for taking care of its citizen whether it is in form of education, health or protection and in return the citizen should follow the laws set by the state. Socrates mentioned that “it is impious to bring violence to bear against your mother or father; it is much more so to use it against your country”(Plato
Considering how the Piraeus, Athens’ port area, contains individuals hailing from various locations, it would that such a place would be where Socrates encounters different definitions of justice. In Book One of Plato’s The Republic, Socrates challenges Cephalus’ belief that justice is simply being honest and paying back the dues that one owes to the gods and to his fellow men. By providing examples of where it would be unjust to repay one’s debts, Socrates refutes Cephalus’ definition of justice. In these scenarios, paying back those debts would pose a risk of harm to innocent people, which would be unjust since justice does not involve harming others. Since Cephalus is a religious patriarch, his idea of justice results from his fear of what
He has passion for his beliefs and values, and would rather die than give them up. When presented with the idea of the jury releasing him he states “as long as I draw breath and am able, I shall not cease to practice philosophy” (Plato 32). This shows that Socrates does not believe what he has done and what he believes in is wrong; he will continue to do what he had been put on trial for if released. This is the exact opposite of what one would say to appease the jury. Socrates is on trial because some believe what he was doing was wrong, by refusing to acknowledge that he was wrong, this speech contradicts our modern day idea of an apology.
The balance is essential between both because if he practices generosity it becomes so self-consuming that the more you practice it, the less you will be able to continue the practice, this is due to the use of all resource and prevents the continued generosity; this would inevitably lead to the state despising the prince. “Therefore, it is shrewder to cultivate a reputation for meanness, which will lead to notoriety but not hatred. This is better than being forced, through wanted to be considered generous, to incur a reputation for rapacity, which will lead to notoriety and to hatred as well”. Cruelty and mercifulness, A question arises whether it is better to be loved or feared, or vice versa? “My view is that it is desirable to be both loved and feared; but it is difficult to achieve both and, if one of them has to be lacking, it is much safer to be feared than loved”.