Trumpet, written by Jackie Kay is a novel that examines some of the ideals that form a person’s identity.The most highlighted theme in the book is that of gender identity, but by identifying her protagonist, Joss Moody, as the son of a black father and white mother (the same as the author herself), issues of race are also relevant and are going to continue to be
Individuals are consistently pressured by gender expectations within societies, predominantly in rural towns during the 1960’s. Silvey’s utilisation of characterisation and point of view of Charlie Bucktin presents the traditional gender roles in Jasper Jones, set in Australia during the 1960’s. As Charlie prepares himself to set foot on a journey with Jasper Jones, he noted his appearances and display of femininity: “…the application of pansy footwear, is my first display of girlishness… I jog back with as much masculinity as I can muster, which even in the moonlight must resemble something of an arthritic chicken.” This excerpt shows that Charlie is challenged by Corrigan’s gender expectation of masculinity.
As with all theories, this feminist approach to Louise Halfe’s “Body Politics” does not come without its flaws. While it can be argued that this poem criticizes the performativity of feminine gender roles in a patriarchal society, this cannot be proven definitively without knowing the author’s original intentions. Furthermore, the poem does not give its readers enough information to conclude that the society the women live in is in fact a patriarchal society. This becomes evident, as there is no reference to any masculine figure – so any assumptions about the masculine-dominant culture are purely speculative. It is possible that Halfe wrote this poem in an attempt to challenge the gender binary, however one stands to question how successfully she is in doing so.
At the heart of this case is the questions surrounding Hall’s ambiguous genitalia. The women determine that it is too different from their own. This is easy enough to understand but where it gets confusing is when the men also distinguish Hall’s genitals from their own. In the case of the men, Norton argues that it is less about the anatomy and more about the physiology. (Norton 195) Hall admitted that they could not produce a family, so too men, this made them a woman.
As demonstrated within Deadwood Dick the Prince of the Road by Edward L. Wheeler, the critique of the manhood is presented with Calamity Jane, who exerts her femininity in the form of a rugged masculine persona. Jane, whose reputation for dressing like a man and being able to shoot like a cowboy, often makes her audience question her sexuality, but not in terms of merely preference, but as a role within the Western society. Ultimately, in Wheeler’s novel, Deadwood remains unmarried and without an inherited fortune--automatically denouncing his success
Tobias Wolff’s memoir, ‘This Boy’s life’ explores his record of growing up in 1950s post-war America, frequented with tropes surrounding masculinity, identity, and relationships between individuals. Throughout the text Jack frequently attempts to ‘run away’ and escape from his past identity in the literal sense in hopes that it will allow a change of character. Jack also takes on facades dissimilar to his own in an attempt to adapt to an identity. Moreover, the reason Jack attempts to assume different identities is due to the ‘social norm’ and masculine expectations of that time period.
Octavia Butler is an Afrofuturist, science fiction author who writes many dystopian stories that allude to questions about gender, social structures, and an individual’s ability to control her body and sexuality. When people think of speculative and science fiction they tend to think of nerdy white men writing stories about space and light sabers, but Octavia Butler challenges this stereotype herself by being one of the few African American women in this genre. In Octavia Butler’s speculative fiction short story “Speech Sounds” there is a reversal of gender roles and a strong idea of feminism that is portrayed through the main character Rye. There is also the use of simile and metaphor to help point out flaws in the social structure of the story and the world of the reader.
Ante Kurtović Annotated Bibliography UWRT.150.83 October 17, 2014 References Cooper, A. (n.d.) Changing gay male identities. New York City, NY: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group. This book presented the changes in sexual identity.
Glynnis is no longer seen in the image of a victimized house wife; she is now the antagonist, “Glynnis is angry” ( American Appetites 51). All the anger and hatred that Glynnis directed at Ian came from Glynnis’s self hatred. Glynnis had an affair with Ian’s best friend. Even though Glynnis knows she was in the wrong, she refuses to accept it. She must take her blame and put it upon the shoulders of her husband.
Susan S. Lanser’s “Feminist Criticism, ‘The Yellow Wallpaper,’ and the politics of color in America” examines the impacts “The Yellow Wallpaper” had on feminist writing styles and critiques. Lanser writes that the story helps to analyze the reading trough “the lens of a female consciousness” and apply the knowledge gained from a female perspective onto other literature (418). The transition that the narrator displays from being dependent on John to becoming independent reflects the feminist movement and challenges the “male dominance” that currently takes precedence in society (418). The “patriarchal prisonhouse” that is society controls the narrator and oppresses women not only in “The Yellow Wallpaper” but in real life as well (419). The
However, books are misconstrued as something harmful due to the constant censorship by the government. In reality, these women are filling a void which was not present in their impractical lives that comprised of multiple loveless marriages and television screens. Similarly, Mildred fails to resonate with Montag when he conveys that books may be the answer to their emptiness: “ ‘God Millie don’t you see ?’... Mildred snatched the phone ‘Yes the white clown is on t.v.’ ” (102).
How is the separation of lovers and its consequences presented in the extract? This extract of Flora Macdonald Mayors ' novel, 'The rectors daughter ', develops the theme of hedonism being extingished by the misfortune of unrequited love, through the perspective of a middle aged woman of the 1920 's. Mary Jocelyn, the stories narrator, aims to persue the man of her desires, however his absence of affection is prominant in this extract when we discover his devotion to another woman. This extract is significant to the era, as newly upcoming 'flapper girls ' encouraged a future of female independence and open sexuality, but this segment leaves connotations that not all women took this lifestyle by storm, and still remained unsatisfied as a woman when unaccompanied by a husband, as shown through Mary 's characterisation in the text. Throughout the excerpt, the consequences faced by the separation of lovers is evident to leave a negative effect on the person on the receaving end.
The use of characters that experience extreme isolation in the novel Open Secrets allows for Munro to explore larger themes such as gender roles throughout her stories while still keeping the characters relatable to the average reader. Many different characters in Munro’s stories experience isolation, but all are caused by the pressures of society upon the women in the stories. In the story “A Real Life”, Dorie Beck is pressured to conform to society and abandon her simple way of life as a widow. Millicent portrays the ideas of society on marriage and gender roles, “a wife is a wife. It's all well and good to have friends, but a marriage is a marriage” (59).
His sense of attaining masculinity is fuelled by an indomitable desire to rise above his father’s spendthrift, lazy, ineffectual and effeminate character and he associates violence, haughtiness, and aggression as the only set of emotions to be displayed for expressing true masculinity. He beats his wives and threatens to kill women.