Cultural tourism then was also defined as ‘activity’ and ‘movement’, which insinuate action. ICOMOS (1997) define it as an acitivity, which enables the experiencing of other people’s way of life in order to understand their customs, traditions and thinking. It is in a way an activity of learning. ATLAS (2009) mentioned a similar purpose of cultural tourism as to gather information of a new culture. Unlike the UNWTO (2004), however, who while still defining it as movement, an activity, it is also motivated by the intent of enjoying different cultures.
The characteristics that define a tourist are evidently distinct from a "traveler" since tourists tend to mentally identify a place for how visually appealing it is, while a traveler looks beyond the visual appeal. A more critical analysis of the situation "lies between those who leave their assumptions at home, and those who don 't" (Iyer 1). Being open and appreciative describe that of a traveler, entitling each one to act upon the role of becoming a messenger between two cultures, in which beliefs and customs are passed on. They break idealistic images and reveal the underlying reality. In the essay, "Why We Travel," Pico Iyer is able to convince his readers to become a traveler, by describing his personal experiences as a traveler, displaying the appeal to the exposure of multiple cultures, and discussing the negative characteristics of a tourist.
To be sure that their managers are well prepared, HI should have evaluated the cultural adaptability and sensitivity of the managers. They could have put in place some training specialized on the Chinese culture. By doing that HI would be sure that their manager will be able to adapt well to the Chinese culture thanks to their cultural adaptability and sensitivity. By taking care of the different challenges based on the different culture, the takeover of HI would have been more
CHAPITER 5: Chinese multinationals cross cultural human resource management experience and Enlightenment 5.1Analysis on the main problems of human resource management in Chinese multinationals ( 1 ) Management of cross-cultural conflicts A correct understanding of cultural differences. It is only by correctly understanding cultural differences that we can deal with it. On one side, to understand the cultural differences, we should understand the differences of various cultures within the enterprise, find the biggest and most conflictive points of the cultural differences, and then mainly solve these problems, in order to improve the speed and breadth of the cultural integration. The diversity of Huawei's global workforce makes them different
In different cultures, people's time sense, table manners, the meaning of gesture and clothing are different. How to deal with the problems that come with cultural difference: In order to reduce the negative influence of cultural differences on cross-cultural communication, people should improve their knowledge of different culture and the people’s characteristic in different countries. In my opinion, the author's research is of great reference value. It is very beneficial to guide people's communication behaviors by summarizing the characteristics of people’ behavior in different countries In business communication, we should always be prepared to face different culture and remind ourselves of the existence of the difference of communication culture. When we see some non-verbal symbols with different meanings of our own culture, we should respect each other's culture and customs.
For example, travel and tourism organisations ensure to apply and maintain consistency in customer service to practice, excel and benefit their company, customers and the stakeholders of the firm by taking the necessary protocols for improvement in the services. 4.1.2 Service Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries known to mankind, so are the services that have been used throughout time. Service in travel and tourism revolves around customer service and satisfaction. The main reason why customers keep returning back to the services is due to quality in the services they are provided with. Many
In a developing country, tourism is playing an important role and resources to a country’s national income, gross domestic product (GDP), and the economic growth. Based on the research of website, USA TOSAY, found that the positive effects lead from the aspect of tourism toward a country is create more job opportunity in the transportation industry, decrease the issue of unemployment rate and provide opportunity for small-scale business operation, especially those in the rural areas. From these a few types of effect, we have realized the tourism will make a bigger impact on the economic growth within a country. Notably, tourism is contributing positively to the gross domestic product and act important roles to the economy of Nigeria. Nigeria
Kuhn and Bernstein conflicting to each other’s point of view lead to a tourism’s disciplinary dilemma. In order to solve the problem, Leiper (1981, 1990) make a clear framework for tourism studies by using general tourism theory with wide application across disciplines which is a multidisciplinary approach. Disciplines are brought together with various philosophies and techniques to meet a synthesis. According to Leiper, from the various disciplines, a clear understanding about methodological and philosophy of science issues is useful to merging the multitude of theoretical developments and also could guide and facilitate the collected body of knowledge in tourism. Therefore, the researcher should understand the methodological, ontological, metaphysical, and axiological as well as its social and main aim (Anderson, 1986:167).
A loyalty has played an important factor because it can lead the profit by gaining a repeated purchase and saving the cost of the market by expanding the word-of-mouth. As Oppermann (2000) pointed out that loyalty study becomes more and more popular in the tourism field (Backman & Crompton, 1991; Howard & Prithard, 1997). By reason of loyalty has been described as the result of the process of decision making (Jacoby & Chestnut, 1978), the theory of loyalty should be explained by the decision making of the customers or alternative choices. It has been proposed that there are three aspects to measure the loyalty: attitudinal, behavioral and composite approach (Jacoby et al 1978). The behavioral approach has been measured by the
Nowadays, event industry tends to play significant role in terms of establishing communities, businesses and cultural enhancement. The rapid development in the event management industry leads to higher demands and experienced as well as effective planning, managing and monitoring activities. Owing to the improvement of the events management industry, event development activities has been efficiently acquired the valuable position for the research. With the passage of time, event industry in modern business society has acquired growing position due to number of reasons such as it increases the participation of governmental institutions in reference to improve event support. At the same time, there is rapid development identified in tourism and hospitality events as they significantly helps in attracting tourists and generates varied social as well as economic benefits (Jones,