The musical styles of each are the results of the collision of traditionally African rhythms and musical techniques with European classical and popular music genre. Each are adored American styles of music. Miles Davis “So What” and Robert Johnson’s “Cross Roads Blues” have some similarities and some differences. Miles Davis “So What” is Modal Jazz, used whole band tenor Saxophone, Alto Saxophone, Piano, Drums, trumpet, bass, and emphasis on melody and rhythms whereas Robert Johnson’s “Cross Roads Blues” is Delta Blues, used only slide guitar and vocals in his track (solo), and defining Racism, phobia and violence. The precise origins of each jazz - blues are quite covered.
Trevor Price music as a social function is directly found in the speakeasies in the United States during the 1920’s and some of the 1930’s. Another difference between these two cultures is that European classical music consists of rigid form and is extremely rehearsed/structured. African traditional music contains more of a rhythm and bounce which is combined with improvisation in multiple parts of their songs. Most of jazz music contains improvisation. My favorite song containing improvisation from the jazz genre is called “Blue Train” by John Coltrane.
The fusion happened in 1940 in the city of New York through the beginning of Machito and the Afro-Cubans orchestra, which was under directorship of Cuban trumpeter Mario Bauzá who essentially created the Latin Jazz through fusing jazz arrangements with Afro- Cuban percussion rhythm. “Tanga” by Bauzá, was the first real example of the music style known today as Latin Jazz. Latin Jazz is world famous for its distinct syncopated (in which the accent is shifted to the weaker beats) rhythmic quality. Famous Jazz pioneer, Jelly Roll Morton referred to the rhythm of the Jazz played in New Orleans during the early 20th century as “Latin Tinge”. The reference of “Latin Tinge” was directly due to the influence of the Cuban Habanera,
"Satchmo," "Pops," and "Ambassador Satch" were names for an outstanding jazz artist that inspired many. He was one of the most important musicians in jazz. He helped to transform the traditional New Orleans style into a completely different form of jazz. Louis Daniel Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana in a very poor neighborhood. His father, a laborer, abandoned the family when he was young, and his mother was an irresponsible single parent.
In the year 1960, the Civil Rights Movement activity was at its highest, and it was also a pivotal concern to jazz musicians. One of the many jazz musicians that was strongly involved in the movement for integration during the African-American protest movement is Max Roach. Roach was a teacher, activist, bandleader, composer, but more importantly, one of the most influential musicians in jazz. The growing political events of 1960 were the reason that led him to respond and established many of the issues debated during the Civil Rights Movement through a jazz album released on Candid Records in 1960. The album, We Insist!, is composed of five selections concerning the Emancipation Proclamation and the increasing African Independence movements
The poem is written in a blues poem structure, which means that it is derived from musical tradition of blues with certain elements coming from African-American dialect. A blues poem such as this is usually connected to themes of struggle and loneliness, which can be related to the word “weary” in the title. Similar to a blues song, blues poems also often feature a repetition of phrases in order to emphasize these themes (“Poetic”). “He did a lazy sway / He did a lazy sway” (6-7), “Ain’t got nobody in all this world / Ain’t got nobody but ma self” (19-20), and “I got the Weary Blues And I can’t be satisfied. Got the weary blues And can’t be satisfied” (25-28) are all great examples of repetitive lines being used in this poem in order to to emphasize a relaxed, yet depressing mood.
Blues music was created by African Americans in the deep South during the 19th century. One of the main characteristics of blues music that separates the blues from other musical genres is that blues themes are more than often based on personal adversity. One popular blues theme is traveling. When the theme of traveling comes to mind, adversity may not be the first thing one thinks of; however, traveling was historically used as a tool to oppress African Americans in the United States. During the years of slavery, it was common practice to deny African Americans the right to travel or to force African Americans to travel between unfamiliar plantations.
During the 1950’s and 1960’s, there was the need and desire for social justice, so that African Americans could gain equal rights under the law in the United States. The Civil Rights Movement defeated the injustice of public facilities being segregated by “race” in the South. Two women who advocated for black justice during the Civil Rights Movement through the use of music are Nina Simone and Billie Holiday. Simone is an American singer who sang a mix of blues, jazz, and folk music. She was known for songs like “ Young, Gifted and Black,” “ Four Woman,” and “ Mississippi Goddam.” Holiday is considered one of the most influential jazz vocalists of all time.
Another artist who had a large influence in the black freedom movement and the third world struggles during the 1960’s and 70’s is Sun Ra. Sun Ra is a revolutionary jazz musician who began performing professionally as a kid. Once Sun Ra moved to Chicago in 1945, he immersed himself in jazz. Throughout his life, Sun Ra was influenced by space, religion and radical social movements and he expresses his beliefs and ideals through his music. Sun Ra’s love of astronomy and spiritual awakening opened doors for his music because he started fighting the constraints in jazz.
Jazz being one of the few public forums for African American self expression, allowed musicians a platform to speak to their audiences and to transcend the barriers they faced in society. Beboppers ‘spoke’ at whirlwind speed, almost as if to say ‘you can’t catch me’ to their white counterparts. Although some elements of the music carried on from the Swing Era, such as the 32 bar song form and the 12 bar blues foundations, the harmonic and rhythmic complexity was stretching the boundaries further and further from the mainstream popular swing style. Heavy use of flattened ninths, sharpened elevenths and other altered intervals in solos and the speed at which they were used as well as the phrasing of these notes gave the music an off balance quality. Dizzy Gillespie’s tendency towards desceding whole or halfstep patterns such as in “Con Alma” and “A Night in Tunisia”, Charlie Parker’s favoured ii-V substitutions in the famous bridge to “Ko Ko” and “Confirmation” and the mastery of dissonance by Thelonious Monk shows the boppers preoccupation with developing their sound, making statements through their music.
Snooky Pryor worked a lot with Moody Jones, they came up with hits like, Sweet home Chicago and Boogie. Influenced by Sonny Boy Williamson, the harpist Snooky Pryor was considered a pioneer of postwar Chicago blues sound and claims to have been the first player to amplify the harmonica. James Edward Pryor He moved to Chicago around 1940 (The Rough Guide to The Blues. 2007). Pryor was definitely a troublemaker when he served in the U.S. Army.
Mostly people in black neighborhoods are listening to jazz because it was originated by African music and combined with band instruments and rhythm & blues. Instruments like piano, clarinets, trumpets, and saxophones were involved in jazz music. Many popular jazz singers and musicians at the moment are Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, and Miles Davis. Most of the musicians in our decade are male but a lot of singers tend to be female just like Nina Simone, Bessie Smith, and Ella
The purpose of this post is to discuss an aspect of jazz that was charged or influenced by race, gender, religion, or another social aspect. I chose to write about a Duke Ellington album, Black, Brown and Beige. Duke Ellington was known for expressing the feelings of African Americans without being angry. However, you could still feel the pain, sadness and angst, and it was always done through a filter, with a feeling of triumph at the end. The album debuted at Carnegie Hall in 1943 with mixed reviews.
Jelly Roll Morton is considered to be the inventor of Jazz in 1902. The Jazz musicians was born and raised in New Orleans. New Orleans is considered the Jazz center and it came to an end in 1917. It was during World War I. Jazz went on to later earn the title of America 's Classical Music.
In my opinion, as Jazz become one of the famous type of music, so knowing the history of Jazz is very necessary. Jazz music is very difficult to define mainly because there are so many different styles. When considering Ragtime, Stride and Boogie Woogie, these three styles was very essential in the development of modern jazz. However, the most essential that built Jazz in back then should be Ragtime, so I agree with you. In addition, Ragtime is primarily an African American invention and was a source of pride to African American composers, musicians, and listeners.