In September 1862, a battle was fought in a small town in Maryland. More lives were lost than any other battle or war that the United States has ever experience before or since. This battle had no true winner but it did have consequeses that changed the course of the Civil War. In James M. McPherson’s book Crossroads of Freedom Antietam The Battle That Changed the Course of the Civil War, he shows how small events added up to lead to the Battle of Antietam and ultimately to the North winning the Civil War. Early in the War the Union won several key battles including Ft. Donaldson, Nashville, and the two-day bloody battle of Shiloh. They also captured bases for the blockade fleets and drove Confederate armies out of West Virginia but the …show more content…
The Unions leaders had General George B. McClellan. He commanded the Army of the Potomac. He was very well loved by his men and always wanted the best for them but at the expense of the Union. He disliked abolitionists and the Republican Party and had very little respect for Abraham Lincoln himself but his biggest problem was that he was a perfectionist. Because of this, McClellan was almost always ready to move but not quite. He was afraid to risk failure so he never would risk doing anything. On the other hand, the Confederates leaders had General Robert E. Lee, who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. He was considered a big risk taker. McClellan was not too worried about Lee or his army thinking that Lee was weak and too cautious but Lee was anything but that. General Lee gathered as many men as was available and attacked General McClellan on June 26, 1862 repeatedly for seven days. McClellan retreated thinking his army was outnumbered two to one when in actuality he had 70,000 men while the South only had 25,000. The newspapers exploded with the news. The South was ecstatic while the North’s morale dropped very low. McPherson showed how Lincoln had written his famous Emancipation Proclamation but had stored it in a desk drawer waiting for a victory. That Lincoln was afraid that he would never give his speech as the North was not doing very well at that
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• George McLellan (1826-1885), U.S. Army officer, railroad president and politician ,major general during the Civil War (1861-65) • George Brinton McClellan was born on December 3, 1826, into an elite family in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A studious child, McClellan made the decision to enter military service at age 15 • Army of the Potomac in 1861, worked with Abraham Lincoln . • In 1862, McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign unraveled after the Seven Days Battles, and he also failed to decisively defeat Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army at the Battle of Antietam later that year. Frustrated, Lincoln removed him from command of the Army of the Potomac in late 1862 • McClellan opposed the outright abolition of slavery, though he was equally committed
Another way he helped the outcome of the war is by winning at Vicksburg and Petersburg. One confederate leader was General George Pickett. He helped the course of the war by leading “15,000 men in a daring charge against the center of the union line” (Stoff 506). This was known as Pickett’s charge but it was an easy win for the union. To get to the union army “Pickett’s men would have to march 1,000 yards across
The Battle/Siege of Vicksburg The Battle of Vicksburg was one of the most crucial points in the Civil War. It helped Eradicate the Rebels/Confederacy once and for all. The Civil War was fought for over 4 years and it lasted from 1861-1865. It was one of the most horrific wars the world has ever known and witnessed.
Robert E. Lee imagined that by battling in Maryland, he could win support from the general population of Maryland, and also bolster his troops with nourishment from Maryland ranches. President Abraham Lincoln put Major General George B. McClellan accountable for the Union troops in charge of safeguarding Washington, D.C., against Lee 's attack. McClellan 's Army of the Potomac conflicted first with Lee 's men on September 14, with the
On April 6, 1862 the Battle of Shiloh began and lasted for approximately a day and half; this battle was fought between General Albert Sidney Johnston and General Ulysses S. Grant and led to the South’s demise in the war. The battle site was named Shiloh due to the small church that stands in the middle of the battlefield. In this particular battle of the civil war, General Albert Sidney Johnston died. He was the highest ranking General of the civil war; on either side. General Ulysses S. Grant, and many others, considered this battle to be the bloodiest battle of the civil war.
Known as the bloodiest single-day battle in American History, the Battle of Antietam took place at Antietam creek in Maryland. Strategic plan unveiled and outnumbered, things didn’t start off smoothly for General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate army; yet, even with a copy of the enemy’s plan and a two-to-one advantage, did things work out for Union! With one side disadvantaged and the other wasting their advantages, the battle stayed undecided for hours- that is until violent attacks to General Lee’s troop had the Confederate army retreating. Although, the Battle of Antietam does not have a clear victorious side, the Union declared it as a victory and used the victory to justify the “Emancipation Proclamation”
Even though the government failed. The people never gave up on want they wanted. There were two very important people in this and they were Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. Lincoln offered a 10% plan. This plan was about rejoining the union.
everything went down but if gives you the big picture and overall what happened with all the facts to support it. Hickman, K. (2015). “American Civil War: Battle of Antietam.” Retrieved from http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/civilwarintheeast/p/antietam.htm
The American Civil War changed Americans and their ideals about freedom in many ways. Northern and Southern United states began to have simmering tensions for the states’ rights versus federal authority, plus westward expansion, and slavery had huge effects on the states. An election which made anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln the president of the United States of America in 1860, caused seven of the southern states to concede from the Union to make The Confederate States Of America soon after four more joined afterwards. It changed Americans in many ways as neighbors fought each other through the 4 gruesome years of the war. Conflict between the sides were like fights between brother and brother instead with many deaths.
Although the Emancipation Proclamation had its many immediately felt constraints for the enslaved people, it also led many of these enslaved people to the armed services of the union. Since the war to save the union was seemingly becoming the war to free the slaves as well, the support for the union side was increasing. This increase in union support helped progress the war in favor of the union; just as the president had hoped initially. Embracing the proclamation was something blacks of all communities were celebrating. Especially in the southern states now controlled by the union, the formerly enslaved people were celebrating and gathering in the name of the proclamation.
The Short and Long Term Political Effects of the Emancipation Proclamation The Emancipation Proclamation or Proclamation 95, signed and passed by president Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, was an executive order that changed the federal legal status of more than 3 to 4 million enslaved people in the designated areas of the South from slave to free. With the freedom of slaves across several rebellious states whose economies ran on slavery, the reception of the order was far from exceptional. The Proclamation ordered the freedom of all slaves in ten states, South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas and North Carolina, and because it was issued under the president's authority to suppress rebellion,
Lincoln called for 500,000 troops on both sides settled for a long battle. Abraham surprised a lot of people by proving to be a more than a capable wartime leader. He learned quickly about strategy and tactics in the early years of the Civil War, and choosing the best commanders. General George McClellan continually frustrated Lincoln with his unwillingness to advance, and when McClellan failed to see Robert Lee’s retreating Confederate Army in the outcome of the Union victory at Antietam in September 1862. Antietam is a creek of north Maryland emptying into the Potomac