History of the social sciences have made record of the different personalities and attributes that make up an individual. Having data can be of later reference to learn more about people and the way they interact with their environment. Studies in personality have helped develop testing and therefore able to have evidence about future outcomes. As a social scientist, Erich Fromm looked into the way people feel about their position in the world. He accepted that the world can be a corrupt and immoral place to live in.
Since the theory’s introduction in 1969 it has been a huge paradigm in the criminological world, in fact he continues to be one of the most cited criminologists each year (Wright, 2002). Alike most control theories, social bond agrees that we are all born with certain selfish characteristics, similar to that of animals, that would lead us into delinquency and that we are all essentially immoral, however Hirschi believes the controls in place to prevent this delinquent behaviour are a range of social bonds. We see frequently in young children that selfishness and animalistic behaviour is more apparent, Hirschi explains in his theory that this could be the social bonds made at a young age are not as strong as those in adults. For Hirschi, the answer to the question ‘why don’t we commit crime?’ is found within the four social bonds. The first of these four social bonds is attachment; the degree to which we care about the feelings of others and the psychological affection we have towards them.
This community is able to do so because the residents are highly involved with each other and can identify themselves as part of the neighborhood. The interpersonal community promotes social connectedness therefore; opens the social interaction to other’s social class, resident’s identity and the community linkage various in the neighborhood. Members of solidarity communities reinforce their connectedness through shared rituals, holidays, festivals and evocations of a common history (Kirst-Ashman, 2014). When a community has solidarity cultural pride and ethnic identity are the two fundamentals that unite the community. By the community having a high interest in interpersonal interaction, social connectedness and identification within the neighborhood; is how they can accept various ethnicities and social class amongst residents.
There are many ideas underlying strain theory such as classical strain theories focused specifically on some disadvantages from different groups in society. With the plenty of inspiration and the inability to make these goals happen they considered a driving factor and theories behind different crimes. Breaking it down by everyone’s financial status for example, the “low class,” were unable to realize common, socially accepted ambitions through legal means. Whom felt forced to commit or be involved in criminal behavior to achieve what they wanted and needed in life. Those theories later were reformulated, most prominently by American criminologists Robert Agnew and Steven F. Messner and Richard Rosenfeld.
Functionalism views society as broken down parts of society that work together as a whole but the conflict theory sees those broken down parts of society and assesses them while they compete. Both founders of the conflict theory, Max Webster and George Herbert, based their perspective as being humans themselves and not off of society much like the functionalism theory does. Functionalism and symbolic interactionists are positive perspectives while the conflict theory is mostly negative. Although, conflict theory does not always have to be negative. Most people want to understand their role in a society.
I find it disgusting and wrong. Mob mentality is is used to refer to unique behavioral characteristics that emerge when people are in large groups” (Smith). A main factor in why it happens is because people want to fit in and fall for peer pressure. They want to be liked and be apart of something (Smith). In the article, Smith states “Another factor in mob mentality is the sense of confusion or even panic that can exist in a large group.
The reason for the change is that “villains can be more interesting than heroes because the villain draws the audience’s curiosity” (Pedalino). The problem is that the shades of grey in movies have shifted the boundaries of our society to the differences between good and evil. The fine line is not as distinctive for heroes or villains that are fighting for a cause. The movie ‘Black Panther’ had political undertones in the storyline despite the hero fighting for his people and country. The action that this individual took was not as a hero like as people were hurt in defense of his people!
When police arrived, by then, Akhlaq was dead and Danish was badly injured.  3. Crowd Psychology: Crowd psychology is a branch of social psychology developed by social psychologists like Gustave Le Bon, Philip Zimbardo, and Floyd Allport. Their theories tend to explain the ways in which the behaviour and thought process of a crowd differs from with that of an individuals within it. Following are fundamental takeaways from these theories: Crowd forms in three stages: submergence, contagion, and suggestion.
Talking about the personal outcomes, the second order stakeholders reported a host of negative emotions such as shock, fear, anxiety, insecurity, disappointment sadness and anger. These results complement previous studies (e.g. Hall & Spector, 1991; Rogers & Kelloway, 1997) which suggest that employees do not need to be direct victims of violence in order to experience these negative effects. The present study found that employees who heard about the incident were shocked and fearful about future occurrences of workplace violence. At the same time, they were concerned about being direct targets of such violent acts in future.
Within a society, there are forces, which govern and or influence our daily lives. Structure is defined as a complex framework of social groups, institutions, culture and processes making up, a society, and within which humans establish relationships and interact with each other. And agency is thus defined as the individual’s capacity to make plans and choices within those established structures. Altbeker’s (2005) profiling of captain Louis de Koster sheds some light on the captain’s situation as an employee of the police service. Illustrating that there is an overarching negative attitude towards his police work and thus leaving him very disillusioned with his role as a police captain.