Like a Jihad, the Crusades were postulant expeditions in the name of God, to protect the Holy Land from the Arab Muslims. Later on, the Crusades became a substantial excuse for Christians to fight anyone who was supposedly a threat for their religion. The crusaders looted every city they passed, compiling anything that could be of economic interest to them. Adding to that, even
The Catholic Church’s flawed ideas on how people should prove themselves worthy of God’s protection eventually led to public disapproval. One man, named Martin Luther, had an idea to denounce the method of the Catholic Church that would influence the world and change Christianity forever. When the Catholic Church was first formed, its goals were to spread and to help people follow
Occurring predominantly in Europe and the Middle East, the Crusades began in 1095 and officially ended in 1291 (History.com staff, 2010). This being said, the causes can be traced back to 1081 when Alexius Comnenus gained the Byzantine throne, becoming Emperor Alexius I, after years of chaos and invasions by the Seljuk Turks (History.com staff, 2010). In due time Emperor Alexius would begin to set his sights on reclaiming the Holy Land from the Muslims. Seeing that this task would require more than the Byzantine’s men, he reached out to Pope Urban II of the Roman Catholic Church asking him for troops (History.com staff, 2010). The Pope made his decision public at the 1095 Council of Clermont in Southern France where he raised the proposal for all able Western Christians to raise arms to aid the Byzantines.
They were jealous that they didn’t occupy Jerusalem, and they thought that Jerusalem was rightfully theirs. So, as a result, Pope Urban II called on the people of Western Europe to take arms and march to the land of the Seljuk Muslims to claim Jerusalem as their own. Despite the friendly relations, jealousy encouraged the Christian Europeans to start the Crusades. The
This led to the “unforeseen” circumstance, in 1095, where Byzantine Empire’s Emperor, Alexius I, urged Pope Urban II, of the Catholic Kingdoms, for aid against the Seljuk Turks (Ellis 215-216). Note that the two societies had excommunicated each other long ago, which conveys why the plea of help was made 40 years after the problem of the Seljuk Turks began. However, Pope Urban II did make a speech on behalf of the Byzantine Empire, with the intended audience oh the Roman Catholics. Pope Urban II intended for the Roman Catholics to defend their “allies.” The Pope motivated the Roman Catholics to fight by constantly disparaging the Islamic Caliphates, which was inclusive of the Arabs, and claiming how the Muslims were worshippers of the Devil (Urban
Yet, those during the Medieval period were aiming to justify their religious belief claiming that the reason and faith cannot contradict with each other if they are well understood, thus everything which is a part of faith can be explained through reason. According to Augustine of Hippo, first you need faith, than by reasoning one can enhance faith which may allow you to understand the ultimate truth through illumination. However, later on, Augustine added a new player into the game, that of the authority. One should act upon the authority (church) a priori, before reasoning, in order to enhance your faith to god. In addition Augustine wrote that sometime war is necessary and this war is just when it meets three main conditions: It should have a just cause, legitimate authority (refer to previous sentence) and it should have the “right intentions”.
The Crusades started in 1095 when Pope Urban II wanted to take back Jerusalem. I think the results of the Crusades was more positive than negative than positive since people lost interest in them. Not only that, they killed and abused many innocents. One of the reasons the Crusades were more negative is because people lost interest in them. For example, in Document 6, it states that they “-didn’t get the support expected.” It also says in the Fourth Crusade, that they attacked Byzantine Empire.
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons. (include academic vocabulary and underline) The results of the Crusades was probably more negative than positive. In “Doc 4”, It states that “Moreover, the assault of one Christian people on another, when one of the goals of the Fourth Crusade was reunion of Greek and Latin churches, made the split between the Greek and Latin churches permanent.” The Crusades had a lot of hatred to the religions, and by 1204 the Crusaders had lost some of their appeal because the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine Capital instead. Body Paragraph #1: Reason #1 and Evidence Supporting Sentences: Using the structure: “Evidence, Elaborate, Explain, Examples” Cite from any 2 documents and explain why this evidence shows that the results
The New England colonies were best known for being the place where Puritan religious reformers and their followers settled. The Puritans were a Protestant Christian group that believed in strict moral and religious codes and the reform of the Church of England. Due to the strict laws put into place in England, the Puritans were unable to follow through their efforts to reform the Church and many faced oppression and discrimination during that time. The Puritans saw an irredeemably corrupt Church of England so many followed John Winthrop to Massachusetts to establish their own community. On the other hand, New France was known for its fur trading and missionary work.
It was the incursion of the West European Crusaders or the Christian warriors of the Cross. They had taken over the kingdom of Jerusalem and threatened to terrorize and pillage other Muslim lands. It was in such circumstances that Al Ghazali had to present a theory to tackle the problems of the divide between the Caliphate and the government, to ensure that the caliphate was the protector of religious authority in the Islamic world backed by armies provided by the Seljuk Sultans, who were equipped with armies to crush invaders to their