Crusades Social Changes

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Changing economics, social conditions, wars and the growing power of monarchs began to build the framework for the modern nation-state during the high and late middle ages. The Crusades brought change to Europe's economic conditions. The Black death caused great change in social conditions. The impact of the one hundred years war and the rise of the power of monarchs greatly affected the ride of the modern nation-state. The Crusades brought change to Europe and helped bring about the modern nation-state. The Crusades were a series of wars beginning in 1096 where Christians battled Muslims for the Holy Land in the Middle East. In order to reach the Holy Land, Christians had to pass through Constantinople in the Byzantine Empire. For…show more content…
The Black Death was a large factor in the end of serfdom. Serfs escaped their manor to live in a town or cities, eventually becoming freemen. With this, the idea of social mobility emerged, making serfdom obsolete. The end of serfdom also leads to the sense of nationalism, where people had a sense of patriotism for their country, city, or town. As England became more aware of the wider world, more opportunities for communication with the wider world became available. The middle class, with help from the return of Greco-roman knowledge, arose in Europe as a sign of a healthy economy. Greco-Roman knowledge leads to educated people rising and the formation of universities for the study of these Greco-Roman ideas which included geometry, science, astronomy, philosophy, and much more. The church wanted better-educated clergy and royal rulers need literate men. This lead to the emergence of universities and to new kinds of philosophy and literature. The modern nation-state requires a strong middle class and an educated population. With the arousal of these factors, a nation-state would be…show more content…
William the Conqueror created an efficient tax collection system by requiring the complete census of his kingdom. Tax collection was made fair depending on individuals social status and income. Medieval Capetian Kings built an effective bureaucracy in which government officials collected taxes and imposed royal law over the king’s land. Monarchs also introduced standing armies during wars which in the modern nation-state is important to have and use for future conflict. When Henry II inherited the throne, he broadened the system of royal justice by expanding accepted customs into law. Henry II sent out traveling justices to enforced these laws. This lead to a common law, which everyone had to follow and obey. Henry II also developed early jury systems. Henry II disputed over the church to take governmental power away from the church. King John was an abuser of power as king. As a result, rebellious barons cornered John and forced him to sign a great charter, known as the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta gave nobles certain rights and made it so monarchs had to obey the law as well. In the modern nation-state, taxes are collected based on census and income, churches do not have power over the monarch, and monarchs must obey
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