With the rise of monopolies, small companies and farmers suffered immensely likewise wages were cutback which led to many strikes and boycotts throughout the nation. However, Monopolies also lowered prices for various goods. Wealth increased due to the rich investing it and expanding new markets, which opened new job opportunities for non-skilled and skilled workers alike. Many companies also made it their duty to improve the community by funding myriad
The result of this was how the Northern capitalists led the South away from agriculture and economic dependence, and how they used their wealth to further grow the American industry. The captains of industry believed that the poor people were inferior to the rich people. The rich were superior because they had “wisdom, experience, and the ability to administer”. The duty of a rich person was to help out a poor person which was what was said in the Gospel of Wealth. The Gospel of Wealth is about how the rich person's responsibility is philanthropy.
The horrible working conditions in various industries caused respiratory and other problems for the workers which called for strikes for better working conditions. The socialists started posing a challenge to the capitalists as they demanded a proper division of wealth. The highs were too high and the lows were too low in the Gilded Age which was not tolerable. This led to the creation of labor unions which demanded economic freedom and industrial democracy. The government had been siding with the rich capitalists who were helping in flourishing the economy of the country.
The Better Business Climate model undermines unions and makes this worse for workers. When unions are strong, they can bargain and win better wages, working conditions, and benefits. Also, according to the Jobs, Wealth, Income, and Our Future Handout, as unions decline, the middle class disappears. With no middle class, there is just the upper class and the lower class, which means great income and opportunity gaps. Therefore, according to the same handout, the top 1% has accumulated nearly 40% of America’s wealth.
In the United States of America, the capitalist system dominates our economy by fostering production, competition, and private ownership. Although capitalism appears to be effective, especially for large corporations and the ruling class, it can be a problematic and unfavorable system for many others. An economic stratification has always existed in the Modern Western European society. As countries aimed for nationalism, or unity among the people, divisions in economic class emerged. The working class of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries frequently endured long production hours, low wages, unemployment, and poverty.
Businesses could not afford to slow downproduction during the Panic, so they continued to keep their prices high, but the people didn’thave access to the scarce money. Not only were businesses charging high prices, but also thePhiladelphia and Reading Railroad went bankrupt, causing less modes of transportation for work-ers and farmers. In total, over 15,000 companies went bankrupt during the Panic and the unem-ployment was the highest in history.Labor Unions were also created during the Gilded Age, which added to the idea of theGilded Age being truly “gilded”. The American Federation of Labor was one of the first laborunions created in the United States. The AF of L wanted “unionism” and opposed socialism.
They believed trusts and monopolies eliminated competition which wasn’t fair to smaller business owners. However, using trusts and monopolies granted a business leader to gain control of a larger area. Competition ruined businesses and it took away people’s jobs because they were always going against each other. Losing small businesses was a small price to pay for the large growth of America during this time. Having control of a larger area allowed new jobs to from, reduction of goods prices, and it built up the economy.
In the beginning of the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution caused a massive economic spike from small-scale production to large factories and mass production. Capitalism became the prevalent mode of the economy, which put all means of production in the hands of the bourgeoisie, or the upper class. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels argue that capitalism centralizes all the wealth and power in the bourgeoisie, despite the proletariat, or the working class, being the overwhelming majority of the population. The manufacturers would exploit the common proletariat and force them to would work in abysmal conditions and receive low wages, furthering the working class poverty. “The Communist Manifesto” predicts that as a result of the mistreatment
Neoliberalism is the main cause of the difference between the rich and the poor in the states. It expanded the market efficiency by competitions between individuals, raised a gap between the rich and the poor. Rich people are becoming much richer based on their original properties while poor people are becoming poorer and suffer great economic problems in their lives. This does not only happen between individuals but also between companies. The unemployment rate increased because of neoliberalism.
The eruption of industrialization in the Northeast in the decades following the end of Reconstruction created massive amounts of wealth for a privileged few. The cost of this unprecedented growth was paid for on the backs of the working-class labor. Men and women were forced to work unthinkable hours, children were forced into jobs at very young ages, and working conditions were nearly and workable which led to many avoidable injuries. All these atrocities were committed to maximize the profits of their employers, whose exorbitant wealth led to the era being referred too ironically as the Gilded Age. Labor leaders such as Samuel Gompers combated the powerful upper class that controlled the profits of production by attempting to organize labor