Impressionism had a distinct style that was once frowned upon by society but eventually became accepted. The art style is created by doing quick brush strokes of unmixed color on canvas. The brush strokes are not blended, and it would still display depth based on dark and light hues. The founding fathers of Cubism were Braque and Picasso, who invented Analytic Cubism. Analytic Cubism is identified by the usage of strong geometrical shapes that forces the viewer to guess the portrait’s intention by breaking organic shapes to sharp geometrical
From 1907 to 1914, Pablo Picasso and George Braque have collaborated to create Cubism. In 1908, at the L’Estaque in emulation of Cézanne, the name of the style was created from Louis Vauxcelles’s comment on Braque’s landscape paintings as he regarded the forms of geometry in Braque’s pieces as “cubes”. The beginning of cubism is said to have been inspired by Primitivism as well as art that comes from countries that are out of the West. One example of this is the Demoiselles d’Avignon, which was a painting of Picasso in 1907. The painting was influenced by African Art, and probably by his visit to an ethnographic museum in Paris (Rewald).
5.Abstract Cubism does likewise in writing, utilizing reality only as methods and not as an end." Picasso 's initial Cubist compositions, known as his "Scientific Cubist" works, incorporate "Three Women" (1907), "Bread and Fruit Dish on a Table" (1909) and "Young lady with Mandolin"
When colonists began bringing back artifacts of African art, the posh masses of France flocked to see the ‘art’ created by such savage and animalistic beings (.48). When this Art was brought back to France, it inspired Pablo Picasso to create one of the first works of cubism. In 1907 Picasso visited the Trocadero Museum of Paris; He stated “the masks were not like any other pieces of sculpture, not at all. They were magic things.” In the same year, Picasso created “Les Demoiselles d 'Avignon” or, “The Young Ladies of Avignon”, which can be seen in Figure 1. This work is considered a major step in the creation of the cubist style.
By 1913, he was one of the leaders of the new artistic movements called cubism. Most of the previous forms of artwork before cubism expressed the world in a rather realistic way. The subjects of the piece of artwork, whether it was a person, an animal, or a bowl of fruit, were generally quite easy to recognize. Led by artists Pablo Picasso, George Braque, Diego Rivera and a number of other painters who worked in Paris in the early years of the twentieth century challenged all of that. Cubist painting often depicted common objects in exaggerated geometric form.
During the war years, the name “Crystal Cubism” was appeared. Juan Gris’ style in Cubism was influenced by Picasso and Metzinger. In April 1919, Gris had his first solo exhibition at Rosenberg's Galerie de l'Effort modern. In this exhibition, he presented nearly fifty of his works. After the exhibition, Gris was known as one of the 'purest' and one of the most 'classical' of the leading Cubists.
(“Picasso, Les Demoiselles d 'Avignon”, n.d.) Same as Cezanne’s and Matisse’s masterpieces, Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d 'Avignon are highly theatrical (without that I think they will be almost unbearable to watch). Cubism takes decomposition of images to the new level unseen before and in turn opens the road for Abstractionism, which will hit the art world just in a couple of years (Wassily
In general, impressionist art focuses on capturing the natural surroundings in a brief moment and shows in a rough style of painting (Grant, 2010). While, Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist who spent most of his time in France and produced multiple
This proto-Cubist work is widely considered to be seminal in the early development of both Cubism and Modern art. Les Demoiselles was revolutionary and controversial, and led to widespread anger and
One of the styles used by this group of artists relied on a verity cultural influences, self-knowledge and inner life (Frank, 2014). One of the most influential artists that used this style was Paul Gauguin who painted Day of the God. Gauguin used influences from Tahiti, island rituals, Southeast Asia, and Christianity to create the Day of the God (The Art Institute of Chicago, 2013). Gauguin said he used colors as a language of dreams to convey his message (Frank, 2014). Paul Gauguin 's style was very expressive and thought-provoking.