American gothic writers have had much impact on our American society in countless ways. Gothic writers wrote about many national problems ranging from politics to mental illnesses. Conventional wisdom claims that gothic writers popularized and influenced the study of psychology. Steven Hammelman acknowledges that Charles Brockden Brown’s short stories caused people to ask questions, to propose theories, and almost always offer some insight to professionals and those alike. (Hammelman, Steven.
The movie depicts the despotic rule of the government and how it curtailed the freedom of the people. An interesting thing about the government is that its past is similar to Hitler’s reign. The concentration camp, hatred against a particular community, the superiority over all and using secret police to control the public and use fear to prevent any uprising are some of the examples which show the resemblance in the Chancellor Sutler’s persona and style of ruling. He came to power in a difficult time when England was under political unrest and economic troubles and used the condition to their benefit by winning elections
It is this idea of self-discipline and self-governance, which the occurrence of mass surveillance brought on, which leads to the normalizing judgment. Not only are we constantly governing our activities for fear of how they may present to those authority figures who may be watching, we are constantly appraising ourselves. In this way, “it is not that the individual is repressed, altered by our social order, it is rather that the individual is carefully fabricated in it, according to a whole technique of forces and bodies. We are […] in the panoptic machine (Foucault,
Zimbardo is an American psychologist at Stanford University and the mastermind behind the 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment (The Story). From the results of his study, Zimbardo explains the Lucifer Effect and how morally righteous people can do malicious things. The effect of both the one’s current situation and one’s personality contribute to one’s expression of behavior. Therefore, by changing the situation, personalities can emerge that were once suppressed and scarce. Three prominent examples of the Lucifer Effect are the Holocaust, Milgram’s Obedience Study, and at the Abu Ghraib prison.
Sam Roberts in the article A Decade of Fear argues that Americans turned against each other because of McCarthyism. Roberts supports his argument by explaining and describing the many occurences of paranoia caused by McCarthyism. The author’s purpose is to persuade the reader that McCarthy’s gross grab at power caused tension between Americans. It is clear that the author is directing his claims to an older and more educated audience, due to his cynical tone. I strongly agree with Roberts’ claim.
In document 4, the author, Jane Addams, states that expansionism will promote war and violence, destroying America in the process. Addams purpose is to highlight the darker potential social impacts of overseas expansion. Her purpose is significant because it reveals that not all potential
Powerful acts of political representation can position audiences to perceive the accompanying outcomes and values as either positive or negative. Media and governments are able to manipulate the social construct to control and impose political motives on society, bringing out the best and the worst of human nature. Barry Levinson’s thought-provoking, satirical black comedy, Wag the Dog (1997) demonstrates the power that media has in our society and its effects, through an exaggerated perspective, which emphasises the way media manipulates the public 's beliefs, thoughts and the way they interact. Levinson uses satire to reveal the worst of human nature, yet aiming, as satire does, to appeal to the best in human nature. He also satirises the naivety of society and how people 's unquestioning absorption of propaganda only encourages the media to exploit them on a broader level.
In order to prevent further terrorist attacks, the CIA had to practice unethical questioning methods such as psychological techniques, sensory bombardment consisting of subjecting the tortured to continuous extremely loud noises, forced medication, sleep deprivation, waterboarding, a technique that consists of pouring water over a fabric covering the face, which actually cause the person to feel the sensation of drowning, and many other torture techniques. Torture is still adopted by many governments around the world. The question that draws itself nowadays: Can torture be justified from an ethical and democratic point of view? Torture acceptance has evolved and is now
Zimbardo discusses his Stanford Prison Experiment conducted in 1971 in relevance to the prison abuses at Abu Ghraib in 2003. It is a shocking book presenting the transformation of an average good person into a bad brutal individual; the metamorphosis from Lucifer into Satan. At the same time, Dr. Zimbardo explains how this transformation is possible, how group dynamics and situational factors, maintained by the system influence human behavior to create monsters even of normal good people. Moreover, Zimbardo discusses how to defend ourselves from becoming an evil. At the end, he presents the victory of heroism and gives hope everyone is also able to do the most heroic
The photography of The Magdalene Sisters is following this tendency by utilizing the female bodies, that is of the victims of the asylum, to create raw and realistic images, all the while connecting them to sexual, physical and mental impurities. However, the true horror lies within the characters of the nuns who are represented as the totalitarian leaders and torturers of the covenant who ceaselessly attack female bodies and sexuality. In the following I propose to explore the devices used in The Magdalene Sisters creating the horroristic atmosphere placing emphasis on the representation of the female characters and their bodies that contribute to it. Gender as such is a crucial point when elaborating on who are the supposed “monsters” in The Magdalene Sisters, as there is not just one of them. Through Mullan’s scope the first victimizers appear to be the male members of the society: