Have you ever wondered how many people actually get arrested in a year? According to the U.S Department of Justice, a staggering estimate of over 14 million people were arrested in 2005. Of those 14 million people that were arrested, about 1.53 million of them were sentenced to a jail term. That same year a study was done on 404,638 newly released prisoners in 30 states. The study showed that within three years, about 67.8 percent of released prisoners were rearrested and within five years about three-quarters of them were arrested.
Homelessness and Functionalism The social problem that I chose was homelessness. Homelessness has increased by 8% since 2011-2012 to more than 225,000 people in 2014-15 and in 2011 censers 105,237 people where homeless. As also the unemployment rate and the domestic violence rate which both are increasing as well as these are some of the big factors . The biggest reason homelessness is domestic violence.
Over twenty thousand people come to live in Hackney every year and a similar number leave; one third of the population was born outside the UK. Although deprived, the borough has enormous assets in both its physical and community resources. The rate of mental health problems and depression in Hackney is amongst the highest in London. In 2010/11, Hackney Council provided social care services to adults with mental health issues a third of whom were aged over 65. Four out of five of these received community-based services, others were supported in nursing or residential care.
Records indicate that the rate of unemployment among the youth stands at an alarming level as the rate of employment among the younger generation [16 – 24 years age] has turned out three times slower than the other age group when it comes to employment, since 1992. A research from the House of Commons library indicates that there 498,000 youth jobless in the said age group of which around 8,000 unemployed added over the last quarter. According to a study by Office of National Statistics, the current rate of unemployment is 14.4% and the overall unemployment rate is counted to 5.7% calculated based upon the total working population. Furthermore, even for those younger generation who have managed to get a job, the rate of average wage received is around £1,800 per annum, the worst rate received by the youth than last five years.
As of September 2011, California incarcerated close to 144,000 inmates in its state prisons. This number fell in recent years owing to the pressure from SCOTUS and California policy changes. In 2006, California had a peak incarceration rate of 172,000 inmates (Rogan, 2012). Since 1970, California has seen 750% rise in incarceration levels, especially during the “war on drugs” campaign during the 1990s (Harvard Law Review, 2010, p. 753). With no end in sight to the rapidly growing number of inmates in California’s state prisons, the CDCR was challenged to manage the growing population.
First, the authors found the total number of prisoners in the New York City jail. They determined that, despite having 80,000 people admitted yearly, there were roughly 12,000 inmates on any given day, due to incredibly short sentences. Next, they studied the amount of self-harm from the dates of January 1st of 2010 to October 31st of 2012, but had a different deadline for the inmates arriving after July of 2012. Their end date was pushed to January 1st of 2013. The authors express the term “self-harm” as “an act performed by individuals on themselves with the potential to result in physical injury, and potentially fatal self-harm as an act with a high probability of causing significant disability or death, regardless of whether death actually
51% of all prisoners released are returned to the prison system and nearly 30% are returned within the first six months of their release (Pinard, 2006). Roughly two-thirds of all prisoners are rearrested within three years (Pinard, 2006). The high rates of incarceration and recidivism have reinvigorated debate about the purpose of the prison. The time is ripe to debate prison reform. "America 's penal system needs a top-to-bottom overhaul - and a movement of people ready to do something about it is taking shape nicely" (McCarthy,
As of September 26, 2015, there is a total of 93,821 inmates in prison for drug offenses, which is equivalent to 48.4 percent of the prison population. The use of illegal narcotics has been an issue within the country for decades; however, is incarceration the way to solve this problem? I think not. During the late 1960’s, poverty was a substantial issue within urban cities and secluded rural areas. On the other hand, recreational drug usage promoted by fashionable young, white Americans as a symbol of social upheaval and youthful rebellion coincided with the deprivation within many of these areas.
Under the guise of public safety, law enforcement law and sentencing policies became stringent and tough on crime during the war on drug era. The results only served to increase incarceration rates. According to U.S. Prison Population Trends in 1972 there were roughly 330,000 people in prison and jail (2016) and according to Criminal Justice Facts by 2013 that number had mushroomed to 2.2 million people (n.d.). It was also noted that most of the growth in the prisoner population occurred in vulnerable populations and a disproportionate number of whom were black or Latino.
A more resent statistic shows that each year, approximately 240,000 status offenses are handled by juvenile courts (Neubauer & Fradella, 2014. 475). In addition, according to Ortega-Campos, García-García, Gil-Finoy, and Saldívar-Basurto (2013) a study of sanctionable antisocial behavior (S-ASB) showed that 25-9% of S-ASBs court cases were misdemeanors, 59.8% were non-violent cases, and 9% had precautionary measures (p. 7). An astonishing number of youth in the United States, amounting to more than 2 million, experience homelessness each year (Ferguson, Bender, Thompson, and Xie, 2012, p. 2). This amount includes youth who have left home for one or more nights without informing their parents or guardians, youth who have been told by their parents to leave, or youth who do not have a
The Significance of Eben In the book, Forge, by Laurie Halse Anderson, Eben is very important to Curzon and the plot of the book. As Curzon tries to survive in the Revolutionary War, Eben, one of Curzon’s closest friends, helps Curzon and Isabel escape from their owner despite the consequences. He portrays the racism and injustice that slaves receive because of their skin color as well. Although Eben and Curzon fight about Eben’s originally naive views about slaves, Eben is presented as a true friend in the mind of Curzon for everything that he does for him.
As the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library celebrates Black History Month, it is being thrust to the forefront of the homelessness crisis. The public landmark is morphing into a safe haven for the homeless seeking refuge and shelter, particularly since affordable city housing has decreased. This year, the hub of all Washington D.C’s public libraries, located in the heart of Chinatown, is hosting a series of events throughout Black History Month, highlighting African American culture and honoring the lives and legacies of civil rights activists who helped improve social, economic and educational conditions for all African Americans in the United States. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library provides the public with numerous
Around 1830, the number of homeless children in New York City suddenly grew. By 1850, there were an estimated 30,000 homeless children living on the streets of New York City. At the time, New York City’s population was only 500,000. This increase in homeless children was due to many things. Some children living on the streets were orphans due to their parents dying from diseases, others had parents that just couldn’t take care of them for a multitude of reasons.
“1 out of every 100 persons in Europe- or approximately 3 million people [are] homeless,” (Blair 21) states Cornelia Blair, the author of Homeless in America. Not only is this number extremely high, it only accounts to one country; Imagine the number across all 136 countries scattered across the Earth. And the homeless population is constantly on the rise, creating a fear for many who live dangerously close to losing everything. Homelessness is a predicament that affects all people, old and young, and can last from as little as a few days to as long as the rest of their lives. It is a serious problem caused by low income, domestic violence and abuse, and lack of Veteran care, but can be amended by child sponsorships, help from the government,
Homelessness is very real in the United states with 3.5 million Americans left without a place to call home each year. There is a strong stigma against homeless individuals who are seen as chronic and episodic, but in reality, those seen living on the streets in downtown areas of cities are families with children. The vast majority have been thrust into homelessness through a life altering situation that was unexpected and unplanned for. One of the harsh realities is that homeless individuals and families tend to come from communities of concentrated poverty. Many factors lead to pushing people onto the streets and occasionally, these same factors can be the reason they stay homeless.