Cultural Aspects Of Globalization

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Globalization has allowed the integration of many different cultures, the transmission of different values and ideas to enhance social relations and connectivity, and establish interconnectedness. Like Manfred Steger mentioned in his book Globalization: a contested concept, globalization is not one process but rather a “set of processes”. The set of processes integrate the concepts of hard or soft power that work toward achieving the interconnectedness between different nations. Hard power can be defined as using economic or military means to influence, which is a coercive approach to obtaining power whereas soft power is the opposite, and to quote what Joseph Nye, renowned International Theorist said, is the “ability to get what you want through attraction rather than coercion or payments” and this is a more persuasive approach to obtaining power or influence. This paper will be focusing on the cultural aspect of globalization, and various examples will be provided to demonstrate how they incorporate hard or soft power to create influence. First, the Poland Catholic Church when it was still under Soviet influence, second, a discussion on how Western influence has exerted itself on Indian culture, and finally, how globalization of language can be perceived as both a threat and benefit to native cultures. The Catholic Church is considered as one of the oldest and largest non-state actors. This is because of a strong presence of Catholics in many states worldwide, their
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