Cultural Competence Through an in-depth reading of many of the literature of international social work, we find it difficult to find a definition or a unified meaning of cultural competence, but nevertheless, I will try to shed light on the most important meanings of cultural competence concept. The concept of cultural competence began to appear in the literature in the United States in the 1980s Bartoli(20013, p 49) and was a reflection of the migration movement since the fifties of the last century and thus led to the migration of America to the emergence and growth of different ethnic and ethnic groups, which also led to the existence of different cultural, religious, linguistic and health needs increased of its complexity because of its experiences in displacement and violence in all its forms.
Cultural competency is increasingly important in healthcare today. In America today, we are facing a lot of tension between cultures today. America is a very diverse country with many cultures co-existing and in order to properly care for patients professionals need to be able to understand and tend to their cultural needs. Whether it be a difference in language, understanding that someone is a veteran and how that may affect them psychologically, or any other set of circumstances that surround a specific culture. Having the knowledge and resources that cater to different cultures makes for better experiences across the board and, consequently, makes for more effective healthcare visits.
Cultural competence is defined as a knowledge and understanding of cultures, histories and contemporary realities and awareness of protocols, combined with the proficiency to engage and work effectively in a cultural context congruent to the expectations of the people of that culture. (Universities Australia, 2011). The term cultural competence in health care refers to both the actions of the practitioner and their duty of care for the patient. This means that the care provided must be considered safe by the person receiving the care not the person providing it. (Victorian Government
The world is a diverse population, with people coming from various ethnic and cultural backgrounds. A person’s views, values, and traditions determine their daily needs and practices. So, healthcare providers face certain challenges and restrictions because a patient’s belief may inhibit professionals from providing the most effective care. Therefore, cultural competence is an important idea for healthcare providers to consider when understanding and respecting patients. Balcazar, Suarez-Balcazar, and Taylor-Ritzler (2009) noted in “Cultural competence: Development of a conceptual framework” that cultural competence is difficult to define and measure, but it can be demonstrated by adjusting healthcare practices and interventions in order to
The analyses show that organizations should critically examine the global-local context of the cross-cultural issues to overcome the obstacles of cultural diversity in convergent tasks of software development work and maximize its values in divergent tasks of the work activities. Cultural awareness and cultural diversity understanding should be viewed as important skills for the future IS/IT workforce. Organizational human resource practices should adopt the sense-making approach for cross-cultural training and knowledge sharing. In order for organizations to compete in the global market in the future, cultural diversity knowledge should become an important part of the organization’s intellectual capital and strategic
Although there is no general consensus among the definitions, there are certain characteristics of cultural intelligence. Cultural intelligence is characterized by adapting to new cultural environments (Earley and Ang, 2003), intercultural interactions (Van Dyne and Ang, 2005), understanding the basis of intercultural interaction and rational approach, creating skills and behaviors that can be applied in different intercultural settings (Moon, 2010) can be determined to successfully adapt to unusual, diverse and new cultural environments (Earley et al, 2006) and to interact with people with cultural differences (Thomas and Inkson, 2009). Cultural intelligence is defined as "a system of knowledge and skills connected with the cultural metacognition in which people are able to adapt and shape the cultural conditions in their environment" (Thomas et al.,
• Tools for resolving workplace conflicts. Not all intercultural training programs are made the same! Thousands of companies have jumped onto the cross cultural training bandwagon. Most see it as an easy opportunity to make a quick buck by offering run of the mill information on specific countries. To compound the problem, trainer backgrounds also vary significantly, from professionals who have doctorates in intercultural studies and have spent decades in a host country to housewives who have merely accompanied their spouses on short jaunts to different countries.
Cultural intelligence is key to success of todays cross culture, cross border and cross organization worker. It also an ability to understand relationship between cultural issues or business issues on the other. Mindfulness is really about paying attention to surrounding people. It helps a person to recognize and understand the differences between cultures. If individuals working in cross cultural situations can be persuaded to pay more attention, performance will going up.
In Byram’s (1997) view, language (linguistic competence), understanding the culture, and identity are important part of intercultural communicative competence. According to him in explanation of intercultural communicative competence, the effect of society and gestures in communication should be considered. In his view intercultural competence has these essential parts: intercultural attitudes, knowledge, skills (skills of interpreting and relating and skills of discovery and interaction), and values (perspectives, of one’s own and other cultures). According to Fantini (2010) intercultural communicative competence is a compound of various abilities which is used for effective and appropriate communication with people who are in linguistic and cultural different from us. Another study was conducted by Byram and Risager (1999), in Denmark and Britain revealed that despite the essential role of intercultural competence in language and language learning, there isn’t any standard or good plan to incorporate it language