Cultural Competence In Nursing Research

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1. Introduction: Define culture and cultural competence. Describe why cultural competence is an important attribute of professional Nurses and Midwives. Outline what you intend to cover in your essay. (approx. 100 words) The Oxford dictionary defines culture as “the ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society.” ("culture | Definition of culture in English by Oxford Dictionaries", 2018). Instead of simply just relating to fashion and arts, it involves values, behaviours, beliefs and traditions that are associated with one particular population group. (Laland, Odling-Smee & Myles, 2010). The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) defines cultural competence as an approach to reduce health inequalities in…show more content…
In order to achieve cultural competence, these five areas must be addressed. (Campinha-Bacote, 2002). In 2010, a study was completed based on the need to improve the cultural competence of child healthcare nurses in Sweden. The randomised control trial (RCT) involved 51 nurses in Sweden, 24 of which belonged to the intervention group (IG) who received 3 days of cultural competence training, and 27 belonged to the control group (CG) who did not receive any training. (Berlin, Nilsson & Törnkvist, 2010). The content of the training was based on Campinha-Bacote’s model of cultural competence in health care delivery as well as research about cultural competence in the nursing setting specifically. (Berlin, Hylander & Törnkvist, 2008). Results showed that the 96% of the IG were satisfied after the 3 days of training, and it showed some effects on their cultural competence. A post-training questionnaire showed no changes in the level of cultural awareness. However, there were improvements shown in cultural knowledge, cultural skills and cultural encounters. (Berlin, Nilsson & Törnkvist,

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