Huntington And Globalization

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In 1993, Huntington theorised that cultural differences between civilisations, rather than ideological differences, would be the primary source of future global conflict. Huntington argued that the world would not divide primarily on political, economic or ideological differences but rather on cultural differences. This paper will contend with Huntington’s original thesis and apply it in accordance to recent and current events and will argue that Islam is not a threat to Western civilisation as it portrayed to be in the article.
Huntington’s premise is that the world is now a different place after the Cold War. Huntington argues that the Cold War had divided the world into three parts: The free world, a world led by the United States followed
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Huntington’s hypothesis can be viewed today as xenophobic and nativism, populist and fundamentally flawed because it does not take into consideration what people in these ‘cultures’ are subjected to do due to external factors. In other words, Huntington has committed a Fundamental Attribution Error. In a world hinged on uniting people and communities and a focus on acceptance and multi-culturalism, Huntington’s work creates a debate that argues the opposite. Globalisation and modernity remove any real notions that borders still exist as society becomes a globally connected…show more content…
Huntington claimed that Muslims were not attached to their nation-state (not intrinsically nationalistic) but instead, revolved and gravitated towards their religion. Huntington also further argues that the Islamic culture is inhospitable to Western ideals such as liberalism, women rights, individualism and democracy. While this argument can be used to support the reasoning behind the number of terror attacks performed on Western nations such as 9/11 and more recently, the attacks on Paris and Brussels, these are few and far between and do not represent the greater Islamic population. According to DeSilver (Pew Research Center, 2013), there are an estimated 1.6 billion Muslims in the world, and approximately 47 million that are either born or have emigrated to North America and Europe. These numbers alone suggest that if culture clashes were a real threat to Western ideology, there would be far more civil unrest than what is currently witnessed. What these population figures illustrate is that Islam can be compatible with the
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